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>Revistas >Acta Médica Grupo Ángeles >Año 2007, No. 4


Águila MR, Marquina RM
Estado actual de la enfermedad arterial periférica oclusiva (EAPO)
Acta Med 2007; 5 (4)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 43
Paginas: 187-196
Archivo PDF: 167.38 Kb.

[Texto completo - PDF]

RESUMEN

La enfermedad arterial periférica oclusiva (EAPO) se manifiesta ya sea por claudicación intermitente, isquemia crítica de una extremidad o insuficiencia arterial aguda. Se estima que aproximadamente 15 a 20% de los mayores de 70 años a nivel mundial pueden presentar alguna forma de EAPO. Los síntomas relacionados son variados: desde el dolor al caminar, hasta la presencia de una úlcera que no cicatriza en 2 semanas de tratamiento. Los factores de riesgo como el tabaquismo, diabetes mellitus y dislipidemias deben ser controlados estrictamente para retrasar el proceso ateroesclerótico en los vasos periféricos. Actualmente su manejo se puede dividir en: preventivo, farmacológico y quirúrgico, ya sea mediante cirugía convencional o tratamiento endovascular. Es indispensable que un cirujano vascular se encargue del tratamiento de este tipo de pacientes y ofrezca la mejor alternativa de tratamiento.


Palabras clave: Enfermedad arterial periférica, insuficiencia arterial aguda, claudicación intermitente, isquemia crítica.


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>Revistas >Acta Médica Grupo Ángeles >Año2007, No. 4
 
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