Ginecología y Obstetricia de México

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>Journals >Ginecología y Obstetricia de México >Year 2017, Issue 04

Fernández-Lara JA, Toro-Ortiz JC, Martínez-Trejo Z, De la Maza-Labastida S, Villegas-Arias Mireille-Alexandra
Rate of obstetric hemorrhage, obstetric histerectomy and related maternal death in Hospital Central Ignacio Morones Prieto
Ginecol Obstet Mex 2017; 85 (04)

Language: Español
References: 14
Page: 247-253
PDF: 99.49 Kb.

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Background: Obstetric hemorrhage occurs in 3% of births. It is responsible for 18% of causes of death in US. In 2012 was the second leading cause of maternal death in Mexico. There is difficulty in predicting the risk of bleeding because only 40% of patients have some risk factor identified. Active management of the 3rd period of labor has been the only useful measure demonstrated by different studies to prevent obstetric hemorrhage.
Objetive: The aim was to determine the rate of obstetric hemorrhage, obstetric hysterectomy and maternal deaths related to our hospital.
Material and Methods: A retrospective study conducting search of medical records of Central Hospital Ignacio Morones Prieto in San Luis Potosi, of women who childbirth attended or cesarean section from January 2011 to October 2015, which presented obstetric hemorrhage, and as hysterectomy for uterine atony. Having as inclusion criteria patients diagnosed with obstetric hemorrhage and obstetric hysterectomy performed in this hospital between the above dates. And searching the number of direct maternal deaths. Exclusion criteria hysterectomies performed in other hospitals and incomplete records.
Results: From January 2012 to December 2015 a total of 21.648 births were 19,569 births, 7,589 Caesarean sections, were treated a total of 657 obstetric hemorrhage were presented, with a rate of 2.4 obstetric hemorrhage during the study time. There were 53 obstetric hysterectomies. It is the main cause obstetric hemorrhage: 36.2% uterine atony, 32.7% placenta accreta, and 12% placenta accreta plus placenta praevia. There were 125 income Intensive Care Unit for Obstetric Hemorrhage and 1 maternal death related to it.
Conclusions: The rate of obstetric hemorrhage HCIMP is 2.4 during the study time. The increase in the number of cesareans and subsequent association with acretism has been replacing the uterine atonia as first causa of obstetric hysterectomy in our hospital.

Key words: Obstetric hemorrhage, Obstetric hysterectomy.

>Journals >Ginecología y Obstetricia de México >Year 2017, Issue 04
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