Ginecología y Obstetricia de México

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>Journals >Ginecología y Obstetricia de México >Year 2017, Issue 03

López-Rubio MA, Gómez-García MT, Sánchez-Peña JM, González-De Merlo G
Genital tuberculosis infection: diagnosis and fertility impact. A case report
Ginecol Obstet Mex 2017; 85 (03)

Language: Español
References: 20
Page: 196-201
PDF: 296.39 Kb.

[Full text - PDF]


Clinical case: 18-year-old female patient, who came to the hospital for pain and abdominal distension. Physical examination showed only signs of ascites. Abdominal ultrasound reported perihepatic, perisplenic, and intraabdominal free fluid on both flanks. The radiography showed bilateral interstitial infiltrate, predominantly in the middle fields; Calcified granuloma in the left upper lobe. Thoraco-abdomino-pelvic tomography evidenced axillary, mediastinal and cardiophrenic adenopathies; Uterus of normal size and tubular structures of 1 cm, bilateral, compatible with salpingitis. Before the clinical suspicion of tuberculosis, the Mantoux test was performed, which was positive. The gynecological study reported enlarged aids, hard, solid consistency. Ultrasound showed enlarged fallopian tubes with augmented morphology and increased vascularization (53 x 23 mm on the right and 53 x 14 on the left). Endometrium biopsy identified the resistant acid-bacillus bacillus. With these findings the diagnosis of disseminated tuberculosis with pulmonary and peritoneal involvement was established. Treatment with isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol was prescribed, with which a satisfactory reaction was observed. The patient was discharged due to decreased symptoms, with subsequent follow-up in the Infectious Diseases and Gynecology service.
Conclusion: Genital tuberculosis is a rare disorder in Spain. The diagnosis is established with high clinical suspicion or during the study of other diseases, because for its confirmation specific culture media are required. The importance of diagnosis lies in the consequences of future fertility, since the functionality of the reproductive system is affected.

Key words: Tuberculosis, Genital infection, Infertility, Endoscopy, Salpingectomy.

>Journals >Ginecología y Obstetricia de México >Year 2017, Issue 03
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