Revista Mexicana de Cirugía Bucal y Maxilofacial

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>Journals >Revista Mexicana de Cirugía Bucal y Maxilofacial >Year 2017, Issue 3

Miranda VJE, Esquivel MS, Guzmán OFJ, Torres CYJ
Non syndromic craniosynostosis: Review of the literature and report of a clinical case
Rev Mex Cir Bucal Max 2017; 13 (3)

Language: Español
References: 14
Page: 76-82
PDF: 325.60 Kb.

[Full text - PDF]


Craniosynostosis represents the closure, ossification, and sclerosis of one or more sutures of the skull, either the vault or the base, which causes different degrees of cerebral compression, intracranial hypertension, and deterioration of the child’s IQ, as well as of his vision. The incidence is 1,000-3,000 live births, with a higher prevalence in males. Within the context of primary craniosynostosis, scaphocephaly or sagittal craniosynostosis is the most frequent and known form. The cranial vault that envelops and protects the brain consists of the frontal, parietal, occipital bones and the squamous portion of the temporal. They are covered by a periosteum that is firmly attached to the dura at the intracranial surface. These bones are separated by six main sutures (metopic, sagittal, two coronal sutures and two lambdoid sutures) and, in infants, by the fontanelles. Cranial sutures are a form of flexible fibrous joint between the flat bones of the skull. They perform two different functions: first, they allow the deformation of the cranial bones during the passage through the birth canal, and second, they permit the growth and change of shape of the skull, letting it adapt to the brain growth. We made a random review of the literature on pages such as PubMed, DirectScience and Springer, and report the clinical case of a patient with plagiocephaly.

Key words: Craniosynostosis, plagiocephaly, scaphocephaly, craniostenosis, trigonocephaly, metopic.

>Journals >Revista Mexicana de Cirugía Bucal y Maxilofacial >Year 2017, Issue 3
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