Acta Ortopédica Mexicana

García-Ramos CL, Obil-Chavarría CA, Molina-Choez DD, Reyes-Sánchez A
Epidemiological and radiological profile of patients with degenerative scoliosis: 20 year experience at a referral institute
Acta Ortop Mex 2018; 32 (2)

Language: Inglés
References: 23
Page: 60-64
PDF: 191.70 Kb.

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ABSTRACT

Background: Adult degenerative scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional rotational deformity, in a previously straight spine, resulting in sagittal and axial disbalance. Material and methods: This retrospective study presents the casuistry of patients 40 to 80 years old with adult degenerative scoliosis who underwent surgery in a referral institute from January 1994 to December 2013. Results: The prevalence was 0.087% (CI 95% 67.8-111), with a median age of 64.9 ± 9.4 years old, increased frequency in women and older adults. The prevalence of spondylolisthesis associated with degenerative scoliosis was 21%. The estimated risk for scoliosis in women was OR = 2.37 (CI 95% 1.35-4.15), while men showed OR = 0.4 (CI95% 0.24-0.73). The risk for spondylolisthesis associated to degenerative scoliosis was in men OR = 1.87. Conclusions: The prevalence in our experience is low and the sample age was higher; while gender, severity of the curve and presence of spondylolisthesis and olistesis were similar to the reviewed literature.


Key words: Adult scoliosis, degenerative scoliosis, scoliosis de novo, spine deformity, prevalence, epidemiology.