Acta Ortopédica Mexicana

Barrios-Moyano A, De la Peña-García C
Prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in patients occupationally active
Acta Ortop Mex 2018; 32 (3)

Language: Español
References: 30
Page: 131-133
PDF: 81.01 Kb.

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ABSTRACT

Background: Osteoporosis is a public health problem worldwide, affecting more than 200 million people. It is estimated that 30 to 50% of postmenopausal women suffer from it. According to the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), osteoporosis is a disease characterized by a decrease in the density and quality of bones. The objective of this work was to know the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in healthy active workers. Methods: Retrospective, observational study with active male and female workers in whom bone mineral density was evaluated by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) of the hip and spine. The evaluation time was from June 2009 to June 2010. Results: A total of 1,431 patients were recruited: 258 (18%) men and 1,173 (82%) women. According to the international parameters, the diagnoses of the central densitometries were, overall: 572 normal subjects (40%), 601 (42%) with osteopenia and 258 (18%) with osteoporosis. Discussion: The results show that degenerative alterations in patients with osteoporosis or osteopenia are frequent, even among young people.


Key words: Osteoporosis, osteopenia, prevalence.