Acta Ortopédica Mexicana

Estrada-Cruz K, Pérez-Meave JA
Postoperative functional angular anatomy in patients with anterior cruciate ligament with autologous graft
Acta Ortop Mex 2018; 32 (3)

Language: Español
References: 7
Page: 157-162
PDF: 178.16 Kb.

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Background: Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) aims to restore the original anatomy. The clinical outcome could be imperfect when graft placement is not in an anatomical position; moreover, the conventional transtibial reconstruction of the ACL often locates the graft away from the anatomical site, leading to abnormal biomechanical behavior and kinematics of the knee. The objective of this work was to assess the importance of the angular reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament during arthroscopic replacement and to compare the postoperative functional results. Material and methods: We studied 21 patients to whom the IKDC 2000 form of objective and subjective evaluation was applied; radiographic evaluation in anteroposterior and lateral bending at 30o. We made an statistical analysis with Pearson P, correlating the anteroposterior and lateral angulation of the graft direction and the subjective projection of the operated knee function, as well as age and time of evolution with the operated knee. Results: We included 21 patients of 18 to 56 years of age; follow-up: one to three years. Objective evaluation: 95.24% normal and 4.76% almost normal. Subjective assessment: average 84.31% (range 70.93 to 97.99%), CI 95%. AP angle: 68.8o, range: 62o to 77o. Average sagittal angle: 64.9o, range: 58o to 75o. Correlations: AP angle and subjective function -0.19, angle in sagittal and subjective function -0.54, age and subjective function -0.77, duration and subjective function -0.74. Function average: 84.31%. Discussion: The anatomical angular reconstruction of the ACL graft is key to the stability of the knee; the evaluated patients got a more similar direction to that of the native ACL, better stability and knee function.

Key words: Anterior cruciate ligament, tibial tunnels, subjective function, objective examination, osteoarthritis, knee, correlation.