Acta Ortopédica Mexicana

Cahueque-Lemus MA, Cobar-Bustamante AE, Bregni-Duraés MC, Jiménez-Ávila JM
Syndrome of vertebral destruction: understanding to practice
Acta Ortop Mex 2018; 32 (3)

Language: Español
References: 19
Page: 182-187
PDF: 316.62 Kb.

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ABSTRACT

The term «vertebral destruction syndrome» comprises pathologies causing structural changes in the spine, mainly in the vertebral body, producing mechanical deformity and neurological involvement. The pathologies found in this definition may be infectious, metabolic or tumoral. Vertebral osteomyelitis is a disease that occurs mainly in adults > 50 years; we speak of spondylodiscitis when the condition affects the disc and vertebral body. The most important organism in vertebral osteomyelitis is Staphylococcus aureus, seen in over 50% of cases. Tumors of the spine can start from local or adjacent spinal injuries or distant ones, and spread through the blood or lymphatic system. Metastases account for about 97% of all tumors of the spine. Primary tumors that most commonly spread to the spine are lung, prostate, breast and kidney. Metabolic bone diseases are a group of disorders that occur as a result of changes in the calcium metabolism. The spine contains large amounts of metabolically active cancellous bone, which must withstand axial loads during stance. Osteoporosis is a metabolic disease that most commonly affects the spine; it is characterized by low bone mass. The diagnosis of these entities is important for the treatment and prognosis of the patient. The term «vertebral destruction syndrome» proposes a notarized scheme aimed at improving the patient’s prognosis and his/her prompt treatment.


Key words: Spinal destruction syndrome.