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>Revistas >Medicina Crítica >Año 2003, No. 2


Cruz ME, Borja TB, Hernández RME, Velázquez ZC
Síndrome Agudo Respiratorio Severo (SARS)
Rev Asoc Mex Med Crit y Ter Int 2003; 17 (2)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 82
Paginas: 56-79
Archivo PDF: 181.83 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

Desde mediados de febrero, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) ha trabajado activamente para confirmar la existencia de una epidemia de Síndrome Agudo Respiratorio Severo (SARS) en el sudeste de Asia. El Síndrome Agudo Respiratorio Severo se podría definir como una enfermedad aguda, febril, infecto-contagiosa, que se acompaña (en los casos graves) de falla pulmonar severa. Se caracteriza por fiebre elevada, tos seca, disnea y frecuentemente infiltrados pulmonares e hipoxemia. El primer caso reconocido de esta enfermedad ocurrió en Foshan, Provincia de Guandong (China continental) el 16 de noviembre de 2002. El SARS es causado por un virus de la familia coronavirus, llamado por la OMS “virus del SARS”, el cual no se había encontrado previamente en humanos o animales. Presumiblemente se originó en animales y mutó o se recombinó, lo que le ha permitido infectar, causar enfermedad y transmitirse de persona a persona. El SARS ya se convirtió en un peligro global; su alto grado de infectividad es alarmante y actualmente se han reportado casos en 28 países. El diagnóstico se basa en el cuadro clínico, y las claves para combatir esta infección son reconocimiento temprano, aislamiento oportuno y tratamiento apropiado.
Este modesto artículo es dedicado a la memoria de un héroe de la medicina moderna: Dr. Carlo Urbani, quien murió de SARS y fue el primero en identificar esta epidemia.


Palabras clave: SARS, definición, historia, etiología, epidemiología, diagnóstico, transmisión, prevención, tratamiento, pronóstico, pacientes críticos.


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