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>Revistas >Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología >Año 2002, No. 2


Morfín OR, Rangel FS, Rodríguez NE
Infecciones producidas por bacterias grampositivas. Controversias relacionadas al desarrollo de resistencia
Enf Infec Microbiol 2002; 22 (2)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 44
Paginas: 46-50
Archivo PDF: 48.77 Kb.


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RESUMEN

El desarrollo de resistencia bacteriana a antimicrobianos es un problema mundial que amenaza la salud pública. En países como Estados Unidos de Norteamérica el 64% de las infecciones nosocomiales bacterianas son provocados por grampositivos y la resistencia a meticilina y vancomicina es elevada. Aunado a su gran capacidad de diseminación, estos patógenos tienen resistencia intrínseca a la gran mayoría de los antibióticos de uso clínico. Un problema actual es el desarrollo de resistencia de S. aureus a los glicopéptidos complicando notablemente la selección de la terapéutica adecuada contra estas bacterias emergentes. En estas circunstancias se debe escoger el antibiótico con mejor perfil de actividad, mejor farmacocinética y farmacodinamia constante y el más seguro. En el primer plano de este tipo de medicamentos están las oxazolidinonas.


Palabras clave: resistencia bacteriana, infección nosocomial, oxazolidinonas.


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>Revistas >Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología >Año2002, No. 2
 

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