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>Revistas >Cirujano General >Año 2003, No. 2


Díaz-Pizarro GJI, Athié AAJ, Mijares GJM, Díaz-Reynoso JAR, Cárdenas LLE
Diferencia entre calorías requeridas y administradas en pacientes con pancreatitis aguda grave
Cir Gen 2003; 25 (2)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 50
Paginas: 119-124
Archivo PDF: 59.97 Kb.


Texto completo


RESUMEN

Objetivo: Comparar la diferencia diaria entre las calorías requeridas y las administradas de pacientes con pancreatitis aguda grave.
Sede: Hospital de tercer nivel de atención.
Diseño: Estudio prospectivo, descriptivo, abierto y longitudinal.
Pacientes y métodos: Se compararon las calorías administradas con las requeridas (medidas por calorimetría indirecta), diariamente, en 35 pacientes adultos con pancreatitis aguda grave a quienes se les administró apoyo nutricional enteral o parenteral.
Resultados: Se incluyeron 35 pacientes, 16 hombres, 19 mujeres, edad promedio 42.85 (± 17.92) años con pancreatitis aguda grave. A 16 de ellos se les administró apoyo nutricional por vía parenteral y a 19 por vía enteral. Para el cuarto día se administraban 13.06% (224 kcal/día) más calorías de las requeridas por los pacientes, relación que aumentó al disminuir el gasto energético sin modificar el aporte calórico hasta un 27.01% (412 kcal/día).
Conclusión: Existen diferencias entre las calorías requeridas y las administradas en pacientes con pancreatitis aguda grave debido a la variación diaria del gasto energético sin la modificación del aporte calórico. Esta sobrealimentación puede resultar en las complicaciones propias de la hiperalimentación. La calorimetría indirecta puede utilizarse como un monitor metabólico que refleje la evolución del paciente.


Palabras clave: Pancreatitis aguda, calorimetría indirecta, apoyo nutricional.


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