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>Revistas >Revista Biomédica >Año 2006, No. 4


Bustos-Martínez JA, Hamdan-Partida A, Gutiérrez-Cárdenas M
Staphylococcus aureus: la reemergencia de un patógeno en la comunidad
Rev Biomed 2006; 17 (4)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 74
Paginas: 287-305
Archivo PDF: 144.02 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

Staphylococcus aureus es un microorganismo que posee características particulares de virulencia y resistencia a los antibióticos. En los humanos causa una amplia variedad de enfermedades infecciosas. El principal impacto de este microorganismo se debe a las cepas de S. aureus resistentes a la meticilina (MRSA), que tradicionalmente se encontraban limitadas al ámbito hospitalario, produciendo infecciones nosocomiales a nivel mundial. Sin embargo, en años recientes las cepas MRSA han aparecido en la comunidad, provocando problemas en muchos países. La prevalencia de estas cepas en la comunidad se ha incrementado sustancialmente. Si no se toman las medidas adecuadas para entender y controlar la cambiante epidemiología y sintomatología clínica, puede convertirse en un importante problema de salud en un futuro cercano. En la presente revisión se abordan las principales características de virulencia y resistencia a los antibióticos de S. aureus, los cambios recientes en la epidemiología de este microorganismo, así como las características más importantes de las cepas de S. aureus resistentes a meticilina adquiridas en la comunidad.


Palabras clave: Staphylococcus aureus, resistencia, meticilina, MRSA, comunidad.


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