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>Revistas >Medicina Crítica >Año 2008, No. 4


Montes OSMA, Rodríguez RJ, Villalobos SJA, Franco GJ
Modalidades de destete:
Ventilación con presión soporte, presión positiva bifásica y liberación de presión de la vía aérea

Rev Asoc Mex Med Crit y Ter Int 2008; 22 (4)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 54
Paginas: 260-270
Archivo PDF: 191.00 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

El retiro de la asistencia mecánica ventilatoria (AMV), es la disminución progresiva del apoyo que recibe un paciente con la finalidad de hacerlo respirar por sí mismo. La ventilación con presión soporte (VPS) es un modo de asistencia parcial ventilatoria, usada también como método de retiro gradual de la ventilación mecánica invasiva (Vmi) y en la ventilación mecánica no invasiva (VMNi). Este modo es una alternativa para disminuir el trabajo respiratorio, donde el paciente tiene el control de la frecuencia respiratoria y recibe asistencia durante el esfuerzo inspiratorio (el paciente y el ventilador comparten el trabajo respiratorio); además se ha demostrado que el paciente se siente más cómodo con esta forma de asistencia ventilatoria.


Palabras clave: Asistencia mecánica ventilatoria (AMV), ventilación con presión soporte (VPS), ventilación mecánica invasiva (Vmi), ventilación mecánica no invasiva (VMNi).


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>Revistas >Medicina Crítica >Año2008, No. 4
 

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