Entrar/Registro  
INICIO ENGLISH
 
Revista de Investigación Clínica
   
MENÚ

Contenido por año, Vol. y Num.

Índice de este artículo

Información General

Instrucciones para Autores

Mensajes al Editor

Directorio






>Revistas >Revista de Investigación Clínica >Año 2006, No. 3


Romero-Corral A, Somers VK, Korinek J, Sierra-Johnson J, Thomas RJ, Allison TG, Lopez-Jimenez F
Actualización en la prevención de la enfermedad aterosclerótica: manejo de los principales factores de riesgo
Rev Invest Clin 2006; 58 (3)

Idioma: Inglés
Referencias bibliográficas: 57
Paginas: 237-244
Archivo PDF: 69.24 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

La enfermedad cardiovascular es la primera causa de muerte a nivel mundial. La comunidad científica trabaja diariamente con el fin de atenuar este problema. Sólo en el año 2004 cerca de 2,790 publicaciones acerca del manejo de hipertensión pueden ser encontradas en el servidor electrónico MEDLINE. A pesar de esta gran cantidad de información, sólo un pequeño número de publicaciones tiene impacto en la práctica clínica. Tomando en cuenta el trabajo del clínico hoy en día y la cantidad de material publicado, resulta casi imposible el mantenerse actualizado. El propósito de este artículo es el proveer información concisa y relevante relacionada con la prevención de la enfermedad cardiovascular aterosclerótica. Se revisaron publicaciones relevantes de los últimos cinco años concernientes a los principales factores de riesgo cardiovascular con especial énfasis en dislipidemia, hipertensión, diabetes, tabaquismo y obesidad. También se discute la apnea obstructiva del sueño, enfermedad descrita recientemente como un factor de riesgo cardiovascular, se comentan de manera general su patofisiología y tratamiento.


Palabras clave: Enfermedad cardiovascular, Actualización, Prevención, Factores de riesgo, Aterosclerosis, Dislipidemia, Hipertensión, Diabetes, Tabaquismo, Obesidad, Apnea obstructiva del sueño.


REFERENCIAS

  1. Yusuf S, Srinath R, Ounpuu S, Anand S. Global burden of cardiovascular diseases. Part I: General considerations, the epidemiologic transition, risk factors, and impact of urbanization. Circulation 2001; 104: 2746-53.

  2. Bobadilla JL, Frenk J, Lozano R, et al. The epidemiologic transition and health priorities. Oxford University Press 1993; 351-6.

  3. Yusuf S, Srinath R, Ounpuu S, Anand S. Global burden of cardiovascular diseases. Part II: Variations in cardiovascular disease by specific ethnic groups and geographic regions and prevention strategies. Circulation 2001; 104: 2855-64.

  4. Chavez-Dominguez R, Ramirez-Hernandez J, Casanova-Garces M. La cardiopatía coronaria en México y su importancia clínica, epidemiológica y preventiva. Arch Cardiol Mex 2003; 73: 105-14.

  5. Pearson TA. Cardiovascular disease in developing countries: Myths, realities, and opportunities. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 1999; 13: 95-104.

  6. Beaglehole R. Global cardiovascular disease prevention: Time to get serious. Lancet 2001; 358: 661-3.

  7. Heart Protection Study Collaborative Group. MRC/BHF Heart Protection Study of cholesterol lowering with simvastatin in 20,536 high-risk individuals: A randomized placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 2002; 360: 7-22.

  8. Cannon CP, Braunwald E, McCabe CH, Rader DJ, Rouleau JL, Belder R, et al. Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 22 Investigators. Intensive versus moderate lipid lowering with statins after acute coronary syndromes. N Engl J Med 2004; 350: 1495-504.

  9. LaRosa JC, Grundy SM, Waters DD, Shear C, Barter P, Fruchart JC, et al. Treating to New Targets (TNT) Investigators. Intensive lipid lowering with atorvastatin in patients with stable coronary disease. N Engl J Med 2005; 352: 1425-35.

  10. Incremental Decrease in End Points Through Aggressive Lipid Lowering (IDEAL) Study Group. High-dose atorvastatin vs. usual-dose simvastatin for secondary prevention after myocardial infarction: the IDEAL study: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2005; 294: 2492-4.

  11. Waters DD, Schwartz GC, Olsson AG, Zeiher A, Oliver MF, Ganz P, et al. Effects of atorvastatin on stroke in patients with unstable angina or non-Q-wave myocardial infarction. A Myocardial Ischemia Reduction with Aggressive Cholesterol Lowering (MIRACL) substudy. Circulation 2002; 106: 1690-5.

  12. ALLHAT Officers and Coordinators for the ALLHAT Collaborative Research Group. The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial. Major outcomes in moderately hypercholesterolemic, hypertensive patients randomized to pravastatin vs. usual care: The antihypertensive and lipid-lowering treatment to prevent heart attack trial (ALLHAT-LLT). JAMA 2002; 288: 2998-3007.

  13. Sever PS, Dahlof B, Poulter NR, Wedel H, Beevers G, Caulfield M, et al. Rationale, design, methods and baseline demography of participants of the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial. ASCOT investigators. J Hypertens 2001; 19: 1139-47.

  14. Sever PS, Dahlof B, Poulter NR, Wedel H, Beevers G, Caulfield M, et al. Prevention of coronary and stroke events with atorvastatin in hypertensive patients who have average or lower-than-average cholesterol concentrations, in the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial-Lipid Lowering Arm (ASCOT-LLA): A multicentre randomized controlled trial. Drugs 2004; 64(Suppl 2): 43-60.

  15. The ALLHAT Officers and Coordinators for the ALLHAT Collaborative Research Group. The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial. Major outcomes in high-risk hypertensive patients randomized to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or calcium channel blocker vs. diuretic: The antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT). JAMA 2002; 288: 2981-97.

  16. Psaty BM, Lumley T, Furberg CD, Schellenbaum G, Pahor M, Alderman MH, et al. Health outcomes associated with various antihypertensive therapies used as first-line agents: A network meta-analysis. JAMA 2003; 289: 2534-44.

  17. Goraya TY, Leibson CL, Palumbo PJ, Weston SA, Killian JM, Pfeifer EA, et al. Coronary atherosclerosis in diabetes mellitus: A population-based autopsy study. J Am Coll Cardiol 2002; 40: 946-53.

  18. Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. N Engl J Med 2002; 346: 393-403.

  19. Van Dam RM, Willett WC, Rimm EB, Stampfer MJ, Hu FB. Dietary fat and meat intake in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes in men. Diabetes Care 2002; 25: 417-24.

  20. Van-Dam RM, Rimm EB, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, Hu FB. Dietary patterns and risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in U.S. men. Ann Intern Med 2002; 136: 201-9.

  21. Fung TT, Hu FB, Pereira MA, Liu S, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, et al. Whole-grain intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes: A prospective study in men. Am J Clin Nutr 2002; 76: 535-40.

  22. Rachmani R, Levi Z, Slavachevski I, Avin M, Ravid M. Teaching patients to monitor their risk factors retards the progression of vascular complications in high-risk patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus – randomized prospective study. Diabet Med 2002; 19: 385-92.

  23. Rachmani R, Levi Z, Slavachevski I, Avin M, Ravid M. Teaching patients to monitor their risk factors retards the progression of vascular complications in high-risk patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus – randomized prospective study. Diabet Med 2002; 19: 385-92.

  24. Greenfield S, Kaplan SH, Ware JE Jr, Yano EM, Frank HJ. Patients’ participation in medical care: Effects on blood sugar control and quality of life in diabetes. J Gen Intern Med 1988; 3: 448-57.

  25. US Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Benefits of Smoking Cessation. A report of the Surgeon General. DHHS Publication no (CDC) 88-8406. USA: Rockville, MD. US Department of health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control; 1990.

  26. Doll R, Peto R, Wheatley K, Gray R, Sutherland I. Mortality in relation to smoking: 40 years’ observations on male British doctors. BMJ 1994; 309: 901-11.

  27. Sempos CT, Durazo-Arvizu R, McGee DL, Cooper RS, Prewitt TE. The influence of cigarette smoking on the association between body weight and mortality. The Framingham Heart Study revisited. Ann Epidemiol 1998; 8: 289-300.

  28. Critchley J, Capewell S. Smoking cessation for the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004; (1): CD003041.

  29. Wilson K, Gibson N, Willan A, Cook D. Effect of smoking cessation on mortality after myocardial infarction: meta-analysis of cohort studies. Arch Intern Med 2000; 160: 939-44.

  30. Taylor CB, Miller NH, Cameron RP, Fagans EW, Das S. Dissemination of an effective inpatient tobacco use cessation program. Nicotine Tob Res 2005; 7: 129-37.

  31. Wiggers LC, Smets EM, de Haes JC, Peters RJ, Legemate DA. Smoking cessation interventions in cardiovascular patients. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2003; 26: 467-75.

  32. Flegal K, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, Johnson CL. Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults 1999-2000. JAMA 2002; 288: 1723-7.

  33. Lopez-Jimenez F, Jacobsen SJ, Reeder GS, Weston SA, Meverden RA, Roger VL. Prevalence and secular trends of excess body weight and impact on outcomes after myocardial infarction in the community. Chest 2004; 125: 1205-12.

  34. Hsieh SD, Yoshinaga H. Abdominal fat distribution and coronary heart disease risk factors in men-waist/height ratio as a simple and useful predictor. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1995; 19: 585-9.

  35. Sjostrom L, Lindroos AK, Peltonen M, Torgerson J, Bouchard C, Carlsson B, et al. Obese Subjects Study Scientific Group. Lifestyle, diabetes, and cardiovascular risk factors 10 years after bariatric surgery. N Engl J Med 2004; 351: 2683-93.

  36. Batsis JA, Romero-Corral A, Brekke L, Collazo-Clavell ML, Sarr MG, Somers VK, Lopez-Jimenez F. Effect of bariatric surgery on cardiovascular risk factors and predicted effect on cardiovascular events and mortality in class II-III obesity. J Am Coll Cardiol 2006 (In Press).

  37. Cummings DS, Weigle RS, Frayo PA, Breen MK, Ma EP, Dellinger, et al. Plasma Ghrelin levels after diet-induced weight loss or gastric bypass surgery. N Engl J Med 2002; 346: 1623-30.

  38. Harrold JA, Williams G. The cannabinoid system: A role in both the homeostatic and hedonic control of eating? Br J Nutr 2003; 90: 729-34.

  39. The cannabinoid system: A role in both the homeostatic and hedonic control of eating? Harrold JA, Williams G. Br J Nutr 2003; 90: 729-34.

  40. Bensaid M, Gary-Bobo M, Esclangon A, Maffrand JP, Le Fur G, Oury-Donat F, et al. The cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist SR141716 increases Acrp30 mRNA expression in adipose tissue of obese fa/fa rats and in cultured adipocyte cells. Mol Pharmacol 2003; 63: 908-14.

  41. Despres JP, Golay A, Sjostrom L. Rimonabant in Obesity-Lipids Study Group. Effects of rimonabant on metabolic risk factors in overweight patients with dyslipidemia. N Engl J Med 2005; 353: 2121-34.

  42. Shamsuzzaman AS, Gersh BJ, Somers VK. Obstructive sleep apnea: Implications for cardiac and vascular disease. JAMA 2003; 290: 1906-14.

  43. Hamilton GS, Solin P, Naughton MT. Obstructive sleep apnoea and cardiovascular disease. Intern Med J 2004; 34: 420-6.

  44. Narkiewicz K, Montano N, Cogliati C, van de Borne PJ, Dyken ME, Somers VK. Altered cardiovascular variability in obstructive sleep apnea. Circulation 1998; 98: 1071-7.

  45. Gami AS, Howard DE, Olson EJ, Somers VK. Day-night pattern of sudden death in obstructive sleep apnea. N Engl J Med 2005; 352: 1206-14.

  46. Endothelial dysfunction: A marker of atherosclerotic risk. Bonetti PO, Lerman LO, Lerman A. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2003; 23: 168-75.

  47. Phillips BG, Narkiewicz K, Pesek CA, Haynes WG, Dyken ME, Somers VK. Effects of obstructive sleep apnea on endothelin-1 and blood pressure. J Hypertens 1999; 17: 61-6.

  48. Schulz R, Schmidt D, Blum A, Lopes-Ribeiro X, Lucke C, Mayer K, Olschewski H, Seeger W, Grimminger F. Decreased plasma levels of nitric oxide derivatives in obstructive sleep apnoea: Response to CPAP therapy. Thorax 2000; 55: 1046-51.

  49. Tamura DY, Moore EE, Partrick DA, Johnson JL, Offner PJ, Silliman CC. Acute hypoxemia in humans enhances the neutrophil inflammatory response. Shock 2002; 17: 269-73.

  50. Meier-Ewert HK, Ridker PM, Rifai N, Regan MM, Price NJ, Dinges DF, Mullington JM. Effect of sleep loss on C-reactive protein, an inflammatory marker of cardiovascular risk. J Am Coll Cardiol 2004; 43: 678-83.

  51. Ridker PM. Clinical application of C-reactive protein for cardiovascular disease detection and prevention. Circulation 2003; 107: 363-9.

  52. Punjabi NM, Sorkin JD, Katzel LI, Goldberg AP, Schwartz AR, Smith PL. Sleep-disordered breathing and insulin resistance in middle-aged and overweight men. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002; 165: 677-82.

  53. Phillips BG, Kato M, Narkiewicz K, Choe I, Somers VK. Increases in leptin levels, sympathetic drive, and weight gain in obstructive sleep apnea. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2000; 279: H234-7.

  54. Parish JM, Somers VK. Obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease. Mayo Clin Proc 2004; 79: 1036-46.

  55. Shamsuzzaman AS, Gersh BJ, Somers VK. Obstructive sleep apnea: Implications for cardiac and vascular disease. JAMA 2003; 290: 1906-14.

  56. Lattimore JD, Celermajer DS, Wilcox I. Obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 2003; 41: 1429-37.

  57. Caples SM, Gami AS, Somers VK. Obstructive sleep apnea. Ann Intern Med 2005; 142: 187-97.



>Revistas >Revista de Investigación Clínica >Año2006, No. 3
 

· Indice de Publicaciones 
· ligas de Interes 






       
Derechos Resevados 2019