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>Revistas >Revista Biomédica >Año 2004, No. 3


Millar BC, Moore JE
Tópicos emergentes en endocarditis infecciosa
Rev Biomed 2004; 15 (3)

Idioma: Inglés
Referencias bibliográficas: 20
Paginas: 191-200
Archivo PDF: 46.98 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

La endocarditis infecciosa, una infección seria del endocarditis, y particularmente de las válvulas cardíacas, esta asociada con un alto grado de enfermedad y muerte. Generalmente ocurre en pacientes con arquitectura cardiaca alterada y anormal, en combinación con la exposición a bacterias debida a traumatismoy a otras actividades potencialmente de alto riesgo que involucran una bacteremia transitoria. El conocimiento de los orígenes de la endocarditis parte del trabajo de Fernel a principios del siglo XVI, y aun ahora esta infección representa un importante dilema de diagnóstico y manejo para los médicos. La endocarditis es ocasionada por una variedad de bacterias y hongos, así como por agentes infecciosos emergentes, incluyendo Tropheryma whiplei, Bortonella spp. y Rickettsia spp. Hacemos una revisión de la evolución de la endocarditis y comparamos su avance con descubrimientos en microbiología, ciencia y medicina.


Palabras clave: Corazón, válvulas cardíacas, infección.


REFERENCIAS

  1. Scheld WM, Sande MA. Endocarditis and intravascular infections. In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, editors. Principles and practices of infectious diseases, 4th ed. New York: Churchill-Livingstone; 1995. p. 740–83.

  2. Osler W. The Gulstonian lectures on malignant endocarditis. BMJ. 1885;i: 467–70;522–6; 577–9.

  3. Fye WB. Clin Cardiol. 1997;20:1037–8.

  4. Millar BC, Altwegg M, Raoult D, Moore JE. Culturenegative endocarditis—causes, diagnosis and treatment. Rev Med Microbiol. 2000;11:59–75.

  5. Von Reyn CF, Levy BS, Arbeit RD, Freidland G, Crumpacker CS. Infective endocarditis: an analysis based on strict case definitions. Ann Intern Med. 1981;94:505– 17.

  6. Durack DT, Lukes AS, Bright DK; Duke Endocarditis Service. New criteria for diagnosis of infective endocarditis: utilization of specific echocardiographic findings Am J Med. 1994;96:200–9.

  7. Li JS, Sexton DJ, Mick N, Nettles R, Fowler VG Jr, Ryan T, et al. Proposed modifications to the Duke criteria for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;30:633–8.

  8. Naber CK, Erbel R. Diagnosis of culture negative endocarditis: novel strategies to prove the suspect guilty. Heart. 2003;89:241–3.

  9. Dajani AS, Taubert KA, Wilson W, Bolger AF, Bayer A, Ferrieri P, et al. Prevention of bacterial endocarditis. Recomendations by the American Heart Association. JAMA. 1997;277:1794–801.

  10. Contrepois A. Towards a history of infective endocarditis. Med History. 1996;40:25–54.

  11. Horder TJ. Infective endocarditis with an analysis of 150 cases and with special reference to the chronic form of the disease. QJM. 1909:289–324.

  12. Leask RL, Jain N, Butany J. Endothelium and valvular diseases of the heart. Microsc Res Tech. 2003;60:129–37.

  13. English PC. Emergence of rheumatic fever in the nineteenth century. Millbank Quarterly. 1989; 67(Suppl I):33–49.

  14. Rietschel ET. Immortal music and deadly septicemia: death of famous composers by bacterial blood poisoning. Endotoxin Newsletter. 2000; 10:4–5.

  15. Burns encyclopedia: Death of Burns [cited 2004 Apr 23]. Available from: http://www.robertburns.org/encyclopedia/DeathofBurns.278.shtml

  16. Alzheimer Society Toronto. Alois Alzheimer 1864–1915 [cited 2004 Apr 23]. Available from: http://www.asmt.org/Aloisbio.htm

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  18. Rudolph Valentino chronology [cited 2004 Apr 23]. Available from: http://www.geocities.com/~rudyfan/rvchron4.htm

  19. Nurses and doctors help Backstreet Boy teach heart health [cited 2004 Apr 23]. Available from: http://tinpan.fortunecity.com/tigerlilies/234/article026.html

  20. Millar B, Moore J, Mallon P, Xu J, Crowe M, Mcclurg R, et al. Molecular diagnosis of infective endocarditis- a new Duke's criterion. Scand J Infect Dis. 2001;33:673–80.

  21. Scheld WM, Sande MA. Endocarditis and intravascular infections. In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, editors. Principles and practices of infectious diseases, 4th ed. New York: Churchill-Livingstone; 1995. p. 740–83.

  22. Osler W. The Gulstonian lectures on malignant endocarditis. BMJ. 1885;i: 467–70;522–6; 577–9.

  23. Fye WB. Clin Cardiol. 1997;20:1037–8.

  24. Millar BC, Altwegg M, Raoult D, Moore JE. Culturenegative endocarditis—causes, diagnosis and treatment. Rev Med Microbiol. 2000;11:59–75.

  25. Von Reyn CF, Levy BS, Arbeit RD, Freidland G, Crumpacker CS. Infective endocarditis: an analysis based on strict case definitions. Ann Intern Med. 1981;94:505– 17.

  26. Durack DT, Lukes AS, Bright DK; Duke Endocarditis Service. New criteria for diagnosis of infective endocarditis: utilization of specific echocardiographic findings Am J Med. 1994;96:200–9.

  27. Li JS, Sexton DJ, Mick N, Nettles R, Fowler VG Jr, Ryan T, et al. Proposed modifications to the Duke criteria for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;30:633–8.

  28. Naber CK, Erbel R. Diagnosis of culture negative endocarditis: novel strategies to prove the suspect guilty. Heart. 2003;89:241–3.

  29. Dajani AS, Taubert KA, Wilson W, Bolger AF, Bayer A, Ferrieri P, et al. Prevention of bacterial endocarditis. Recomendations by the American Heart Association. JAMA. 1997;277:1794–801.

  30. Contrepois A. Towards a history of infective endocarditis. Med History. 1996;40:25–54.

  31. Horder TJ. Infective endocarditis with an analysis of 150 cases and with special reference to the chronic form of the disease. QJM. 1909:289–324.

  32. Leask RL, Jain N, Butany J. Endothelium and valvular diseases of the heart. Microsc Res Tech. 2003;60:129–37.

  33. English PC. Emergence of rheumatic fever in the nineteenth century. Millbank Quarterly. 1989; 67(Suppl I):33–49.

  34. Rietschel ET. Immortal music and deadly septicemia: death of famous composers by bacterial blood poisoning. Endotoxin Newsletter. 2000; 10:4–5.

  35. Burns encyclopedia: Death of Burns [cited 2004 Apr 23]. Available from: http://www.robertburns.org/encyclopedia/DeathofBurns.278.shtml

  36. Alzheimer Society Toronto. Alois Alzheimer 1864–1915 [cited 2004 Apr 23]. Available from: http://www.asmt.org/Aloisbio.htm

  37. Orville H. Gibson 1856–1918 [cited 2004 Apr 23]. Available from: www.siminoff.net/pages/gibson_background.html

  38. Rudolph Valentino chronology [cited 2004 Apr 23]. Available from: http://www.geocities.com/~rudyfan/rvchron4.htm

  39. Nurses and doctors help Backstreet Boy teach heart health [cited 2004 Apr 23]. Available from: http://tinpan.fortunecity.com/tigerlilies/234/article026.html

  40. Millar B, Moore J, Mallon P, Xu J, Crowe M, Mcclurg R, et al. Molecular diagnosis of infective endocarditis- a new Duke's criterion. Scand J Infect Dis. 2001;33:673–80.



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