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>Revistas >Medicina Crítica >Año 2009, No. 4


Duarte MJ, Espinosa LRF, Sánchez RG, De Santiago LJ, Díaz MS, Lee Eng CVE
Síndrome de respuesta inflamatoria sistémica. Aspectos fisiopatológicos
Rev Asoc Mex Med Crit y Ter Int 2009; 23 (4)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 66
Paginas: 225-233
Archivo PDF: 93.57 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

El síndrome de respuesta inflamatoria sistémica (SRIS) es muy frecuente en pacientes críticamente enfermos, se encuentra en varias condiciones incluyendo trauma, cirugía y lesiones que generan hipoxia. Los signos clínicos y de laboratorio de inflamación sistémica, incluyen cambios en la temperatura corporal, taquicardia o leucocitosis, no son ni sensibles ni específicos para realizar el diagnóstico de sepsis. Este tema es de suma importancia porque la terapia y evolución difieren entre pacientes con y sin sepsis. Los cultivos microbiológicos pueden ser usados para distinguir a la sepsis de aquellas condiciones no infecciosas. Sin embargo, estos métodos carecen de sensibilidad y especificidad y frecuentemente son muy tardados. El uso indiscriminado de antibióticos en pacientes con SRIS pero sin sepsis, lleva al desarrollo de cepas resistentes y se incrementa la toxicidad y costos. La hiperglicemia es una causa importante de respuesta inflamatoria sistémica. Las angiopoyetinas son una clase nueva de factores de crecimiento angiogénicas que actúan selectivamente en las células endoteliales. La angiopoyetina 2 (ang 2) es sobrerregulada por diversos estímulos inflamatorios y promueve la inflamación y la fuga capilar, y puede participar en el desarrollo del proceso inflamatorio.


Palabras clave: Síndrome de respuesta inflamatoria sistémica, sepsis, hiperglicemia, angiopoyetinas, fuga capilar.


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>Revistas >Medicina Crítica >Año2009, No. 4
 

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