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>Revistas >Gaceta Médica de México >Año 2010, No. 1


Alvarado-Esquivel C, Sifuentes-Álvarez A, Estrada-Martínez S, Salas-Martínez C, Hernández-Alvarado AB, Ortiz-Rocha SG, García-López CR, Torres-Castorena A, Sandoval-Herrera F
Prevalencia de depresión posnatal en mujeres atendidas en hospitales públicos de Durango, México
Gac Med Mex 2010; 146 (1)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 41
Paginas: 1-9
Archivo PDF: 89.48 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de depresión posnatal y las características epidemiológicas asociadas en una población de mujeres en Durango, México.
Métodos: Mediante estudio transversal en hospitales públicos de Durango, se estudiaron 178 mujeres con una a 13 semanas posparto. Se les aplicó la Escala de Depresión Posnatal de Edinburgh, y la depresión se evaluó utilizando los criterios del DSM-IV. Además, se obtuvieron datos sociodemográficos, clínicos y psicosociales de las participantes.
Resultados: De 178 mujeres, 58 se encontraban deprimidas (32.6%). Se observaron frecuencias significativamente mayores de depresión en mujeres con escasa escolaridad, con más de tres años de vida con su pareja, no aseguradas y residentes del medio rural. El análisis multivariado mostró que la depresión posnatal se asoció significativamente con depresión previa, antecedente de depresión posnatal, depresión, ansiedad y estrés durante el embarazo, estrés después del embarazo, trauma, mala relación o abandono de la pareja, embarazo no deseado, problemas familiares, y vivir sin la pareja.
Conclusiones: La prevalencia de la depresión posnatal en las mujeres estudiadas fue alta. Diversos factores sociodemográficos, clínicos y psicosociales contribuyeron a la depresión.


Palabras clave: Depresión posnatal, embarazo.


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>Revistas >Gaceta Médica de México >Año2010, No. 1
 

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