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>Revistas >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Año 2010, No. 1


Pinedo-Onofre JA, Robles-Pérez E, Peña-Mirabal ES, Hernández-Carrillo JA, Téllez-Becerra JL
Tumor fibroso solitario gigante de la pleura
Cir Cir 2010; 78 (1)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 72
Paginas: 31-43
Archivo PDF: 396.56 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

Introducción: El tumor fibroso solitario es el segundo tumor primario de la pleura y puede alcanzar hasta 39 cm de diámetro; para tener la denominación de “gigante” debe ocupar al menos 40% del hemitórax afectado. Por lo general su comportamiento es benigno, pero existen criterios de malignidad. El objetivo de esta investigación fue efectuar una revisión de la evaluación inicial, diagnóstico, manejo quirúrgico, resultado del tratamiento y pronóstico.
Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, observacional, longitudinal y retrospectivo, realizado de 2002 a 2006, en pacientes operados con diagnóstico de tumor fibroso solitario gigante de la pleura.
Resultados: Se incluyeron seis pacientes, 83.3% del sexo femenino, con edad promedio de 48 años; todos sintomáticos con predominio de disnea, tos y dolor; en 66.7% se encontró del lado izquierdo; a 83.3% se realizó angiografía y embolización preoperatorias, logrando resección completa en todos; predominó aporte arterial de la arteria mamaria interna. Se encontró una tasa de complicaciones transoperatorias de 17%. En 66.7% se identificó un pedículo vascular; el tumor mayor midió 40 cm de diámetro con peso de 4500 g; solo uno presentó actividad mitótica elevada. El seguimiento promedio fue de 14 meses.
Conclusiones: La sintomatología encontrada fue acorde con informes previos, aunque en porcentajes mayores. El diagnóstico correcto es de vital importancia, ya que con la resección quirúrgica el tumor fibroso solitario es potencialmente curable, sin embargo, requiere seguimiento a largo plazo. Dado el tamaño de este tipo de tumores es aconsejable llevar a cabo embolización preoperatoria.


Palabras clave: Tumor fibroso solitario gigante de la pleura.


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