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>Revistas >Revista de Hematología >Año 2015, No. 2


Ramos-Peñafiel CO, Santoyo-Sánchez A, Olarte-Carrillo I, Queipo-García GE, Garfias-Becerra Y, Martínez-Tovar A
Estado del arte: metformina, cáncer y leucemia
Rev Hematol Mex 2015; 16 (2)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 59
Paginas: 168-178
Archivo PDF: 901.50 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

Al día de hoy se sabe que en la génesis y mantenimiento efectivo de una célula tumoral participan el mantenimiento de señales de proliferación celular, la evasión de los mecanismos supresores, resistencia a la apoptosis, replicación ilimitada, inducción de la angiogénesis, invasión y metástasis. Recientemente se han postulado también las alteraciones al equilibrio energético celular y la expresión de genes de resistencia a múltiples fármacos. La metformina, un medicamento prescrito durante más de 50 años, es en la actualidad el patrón de referencia en el tratamiento de pacientes diabéticos no insulinodependientes debido a que tiene mecanismos de acción capaces de regular los mecanismos de obtención de energía. A partir de la administración tan difundida de este fármaco en todo el mundo, surgieron diversas cohortes que apuntaban a que metformina era un factor protector contra el cáncer. Esta teoría se ha trasladado de manera exitosa a experimentos in vitro e in vivo, confirmándose las propiedades antitumorales, al parecer, mediadas por la inhibición de la vía LBK1/AMPK/mTOR y del IGF-1R. Por esta razón, en apenas menos de una década es posible encontrar ensayos clínicos de la adición de metformina a los esquemas de quimioterapia contra casi todos los tipos de cáncer. Sin duda alguna, se seguirán generando y consolidando los conocimientos de los efectos de metformina descritos e incluso de otros más inesperados, como los efectos sinérgicos que parece tener con los antibióticos en el tratamiento de la tuberculosis multirresistente.


Palabras clave: metformina, proteínas cinasas activadas por AMP, serina-treonina cinasas TOR, receptor IGF tipo 1, cáncer, genes MDR.


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>Revistas >Revista de Hematología >Año2015, No. 2
 

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