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>Revistas >Oral >Año 2016, No. 54


Hurtado CA, Bojórquez AY, Montaño PMl, López MJA
Bacterias asociadas a enfermedades periodontales
Oral 2016; 17 (54)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 44
Paginas: 1374-1378
Archivo PDF: 86.42 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

Las enfermedades periodontales como la gingivitis y la periodontitis, son comunes en todo el mundo. La periodontitis crónica es una enfermedad inflamatoria de los tejidos del periodonto, es de origen multifactorial y es la segunda causa de pérdida parcial o total de la dentadura en adultos mayores a nivel mundial. Recientemente, se ha determinado que alrededor de 50 especies de bacterias son causantes de la enfermedad periodontal. Encontrándose con mayor frecuencia y proporción algunas especies de bacterias anaerobias estrictas, por lo cual, se les considera los principales agentes etiológicos de este padecimiento. No obstante, en los últimos años se han aislado especies de bacterias no comunes de la familia Enterobcateriaceae, Pseudomonaceae, Acinetobacter y Staphylococcus; así como Streptococcus beta hemolítico de bolsas periodontales. A pesar de que la cavidad bucal se considera un ambiente hostil, estos microorganismos encuentran en ella un micro hábitat idóneo para su desarrollo. Si bien, el periodonto patógeno está presente, el huésped debe manifestar ciertos factores de riesgo, ya sean inherentes a él mismo o de conducta para que la enfermedad periodontal ocurra. Con el fin de brindar un tratamiento adecuado a los pacientes con enfermedad periodontal es relevante conocer los microorganismos causales de la misma.


Palabras clave: periodontitis, periodonto patógenos, factores asociados.


REFERENCIAS

  1. World Health Organization. Media Centre. Fact sheet N°318. April 2012. (Accsesada el 17 de marzo de 2015. Disponible en: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs318/en/)

  2. Papapanou P. Periodontal Diseases: Epidemiology. Annals of Periodontology.1996 (1): 1-36.

  3. Marsh PD. Dental plaque as a biofilm and a microbial community implications for health and disease. BMC Oral Health. 2006; 6 (Suppl 1): S14.

  4. Sociedad Española de Periodoncia y osteointegración. Octubre/ 28/2015. www.sepa.es/es/pacientes/enf-periodontales.html

  5. Al-Harthi LS, Cullinan MP, Leichter JW & Thomson VM. The impact of periodontitis on oral health-related quality of life: a review of the evidence from observational studies. Australian Dental Journal 2013; 58: 274-77.

  6. Armitage G. Development of Classification System for Periodontal Diseases and Conditions. Ann. Periodontol. 1999.(4); 1-6.

  7. Wilson R & Crouch EA. Risk assessment and comparisons: an introduction. Science. 1987; 236: 267-70.

  8. Pihlstrom BL. Periodontal risk assessment, diagnosis and treatment planning. Periodontology 2000.2001; 25 (Issue 1):37-58.

  9. Tonetti MS & Claffey N. Advances in the progression of periodontitis and proposal of definitions of a periodontitis case and disease progression for use in risk factor research. Group C consensus report of the 5th European Workshop in Periodontology. Clin Periodontol. 2005; 32 (Suppl 6): 210- 13.

  10. Rylev M , Kilian M. Prevalence and distribution of principal periodontal pathogens worldwide. J Clin Periodontol. 2008; 35(8 Suppl): 346-61.

  11. Moore WE1, Burmeister JA, Brooks CN, Ranney RR, Hinkelmann KH, Schieken RM, Moore LV. Investigation of the influences of puberty, genetics, and environment on the composition of subgingivalperiodontal floras. Infect Immun. 1993; 61(7): 2891-98.

  12. Van Winkelhoff AJ, Bosch-Tijhof CJ, Winkel EG, van der Reijden WA. Smoking affects the subgingival microflora in periodontitis. J Periodontol. 2001 May; 72(5): 666-71.

  13. Delima SL1, McBride RK, Preshaw PM, Heasman PA, Kumar PS. Response of subgingival bacteria to smoking cessation. J Clin Microbiol. 2010; 48(7): 2344-49.

  14. Ebersole JL1, Holt SC, Hansard R, Novak MJ. Microbiologic and immunologic characteristics of periodontal disease in Hispanic americans with type 2 diabetes. J Periodontol. 2008; 79(4):637-46.

  15. Carrillo-de-Albornoz A1, Figuero E, Herrera D, Bascones- Martínez A. Gingival changes during pregnancy: II. Influence of hormonal variations on the subgingival biofilm. J Clin Periodontol. 2010; 37(3): 230-40.

  16. Marsh PD1, Devine DA. How is the development of dental biofilms influenced by the host? J Clin Periodontol. 2011; 38 (Suppl 11): 28-35.

  17. McKee AS, McDermid AS, Baskerville A, Dowsett AB, Ellwood DC and Marsh PD. Effect of hemin on the physiology and virulence of Bacteroides gingivalis W50. Infect. Immun.1986; 52(2): 349-55.

  18. Sreenivasan, Meyer DH and Fives-Taylor PM. Factors influencing the growth and viability of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Oral Microbiology and Immunology.1993; 8 (Issue 6): 361-69.

  19. Bradshaw DJ, McKee AS, Marsh PD. Effects of carbohydrate pulses and pH on population shifts within oral microbial communities in vitro. J Dent Res. 1989; 68(9): 1298-302.

  20. Haffajee AD1, Socransky SS, Smith C, Dibart S, Goodson JM. Subgingival temperature (III). Relation to microbial counts. J Clin Periodontol. 1992; 19(6): 417-22.

  21. Prudente S. Estudio de prevalencia y susceptibilidad antimicrobianas de diferentes periodontopatógenos en pacientes con periodontitis crónica en Brasil. [Tesis doctoral]. Lugar de publicación: institución. 2012.

  22. Schenkein HA. Host responses in maintaining periodontal health and determining periodontal disease. Periodontology 2000.2006; 40(Issue 1): 77-93.

  23. Berezow AB, Darveau RP. Microbial shift and periodontitis. Periodontol 200. 2011; 55(1): 36-47.

  24. Curtis MA, Slaney JM, AduseOpoku J. Critical pathways in microbial virulence. J Clin Periodontol 2005; 32 (Suppl 6): 28-38.

  25. Slots J, Rams TE. Microbiology of periodontal disease. In: Slots J, Taubman MA, editors. Contemporary oral microbiology and immunology. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Year Book.1992;425-443.

  26. Socransky SS. Microbiology of plaque. Compend Contin Educ Dent 1984. 52 (Suppl 5): S53-S56.

  27. Teles R, Teles F, Frias-Lopez J, Paster B, Haffajee A. Lessons learned and underlearned in periodontal microbiology. Periodontol 2000.2013; 62: 95-162.

  28. Van Winkelhoff AJ, Boutaga K. Transmission of periodontal bacteria and models of infection. J. Clin Periodontol. 2005; 32 (Suppl. 6): 16-27.

  29. Colombo AP, Boches SK, Cotton SL, Goodson JM, Kent R, Haffajee AD, Socransky SS, Hasturk H, Van Dyke TE, Dewhirst F, Paster BJ. Comparisons of subgingival microbial profiles of refractory periodontitis, severe periodontitis, and periodontal health using the human oral microbe identification microarray. J Periodontol. 2009; 80(9): 1421-32.

  30. Contreras A., Moreno S., Jaramillo A., Pelaez M., Duque A., Botero J., & Slots J. Periodontal microbiology in Latin America. Periodontology 2000. 2015; 67: 58-86.

  31. Socransky SS, Haffajje AD, Cugini M.A, Smith CM, Kent RL Jr. Microbial complexes in subgingival plaque. J Clin Periodontol 1998; 25: 134-44.

  32. Ali RW, Velcescu C, Jivanescu MC. Prevalence of 6 putative periodontal pathogens in subgingival plaque samples for Romanian adult periodontitis patients. J Clin Periodontol.1996. (23); 133-39.

  33. Könönen E & Gürsoy M. Subgingival Distribution of microrganisms.Curr Oral Health Rep.2014; 1: 262-71.

  34. Perea E. La microbiología Oral en la era de la genómica y la proteómica. Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clinica. 2005. 23; 113-15.

  35. Darveau R, Tanner A, Page R. The Microbial Challenge in Periodontitis. Periodontol.1997.14; 12-32.

  36. Slots J, Feik D, Rams TE. Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonadaceae and Acinetobacter in human periodontitis. Oral Microbiol Inmunol 1990; 5:149-54.

  37. Ardila M. Effect of enterobacteriaceae in patients with chronic periodontitis. Av. Periodon Implantol. 2010. 22(1): 27.

  38. Ardilla et al. Enfoque multinivel de la relación entre bacilos entéricos Gram negativos, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, y parámetros clínicos en enfermedad periodontal. 2011. 5(6): 993-1007.

  39. Betancourth M, Arce R, Botero J, Jaramillo A, Cruz C, Contreras A. Microorganismos inusuales en surcos y bolsas periodontales. Colomb Med 2006; 37: 6-14.

  40. Canabaro A, Valle C, Farias M R, Santos F B, Lazera M, Wanke B. Association of subgingival colonization of Candida albicans and other yeasts with severity of chronic periodontitis. J Periodont Res 2013; 48: 428-32

  41. Lafaurie G, Contreras A, Baron A, Botero J, Mayorga Fayad I, Jaramillo, et al. Demographic, clinical, and Microbial Aspects of Chronic and Agressive Periodontitis in Colombia. A Multicenter Study. Journal Periodontol. 2007; 78: 629-39.

  42. Slots J, Rams TE, Feik D, Taveras HD, Gillespie GM. Subgingival microflora of advanced periodontitis in the Dominican Republic. J Periodontol. 1991; 62(9): 543-47.

  43. Sedgley CM, Saramanarayake LP, Chan JCY and Wei SHY. A 4-year longitudinal of the oral prevalence of enteric gramnegative rods and yeasts in Chinese children. Oral Microbiology and Inmmunology.1997; 12:183-88.

  44. Botero L, Vélez M y Alvear F. Factores de pronóstico en periodoncia. Revista Facultad de odontología de la Universidad de Antioquia. 2008.19 (2): 69-79.

  45. World Health Organization. Media Centre. Fact sheet N°318. April 2012. (Accsesada el 17 de marzo de 2015. Disponible en: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs318/en/)

  46. Papapanou P. Periodontal Diseases: Epidemiology. Annals of Periodontology.1996 (1): 1-36.

  47. Marsh PD. Dental plaque as a biofilm and a microbial community implications for health and disease. BMC Oral Health. 2006; 6 (Suppl 1): S14.

  48. Sociedad Española de Periodoncia y osteointegración. Octubre/ 28/2015. www.sepa.es/es/pacientes/enf-periodontales.html

  49. Al-Harthi LS, Cullinan MP, Leichter JW & Thomson VM. The impact of periodontitis on oral health-related quality of life: a review of the evidence from observational studies. Australian Dental Journal 2013; 58: 274-77.

  50. Armitage G. Development of Classification System for Periodontal Diseases and Conditions. Ann. Periodontol. 1999.(4); 1-6.

  51. Wilson R & Crouch EA. Risk assessment and comparisons: an introduction. Science. 1987; 236: 267-70.

  52. Pihlstrom BL. Periodontal risk assessment, diagnosis and treatment planning. Periodontology 2000.2001; 25 (Issue 1):37-58.

  53. Tonetti MS & Claffey N. Advances in the progression of periodontitis and proposal of definitions of a periodontitis case and disease progression for use in risk factor research. Group C consensus report of the 5th European Workshop in Periodontology. Clin Periodontol. 2005; 32 (Suppl 6): 210- 13.

  54. Rylev M , Kilian M. Prevalence and distribution of principal periodontal pathogens worldwide. J Clin Periodontol. 2008; 35(8 Suppl): 346-61.

  55. Moore WE1, Burmeister JA, Brooks CN, Ranney RR, Hinkelmann KH, Schieken RM, Moore LV. Investigation of the influences of puberty, genetics, and environment on the composition of subgingivalperiodontal floras. Infect Immun. 1993; 61(7): 2891-98.

  56. Van Winkelhoff AJ, Bosch-Tijhof CJ, Winkel EG, van der Reijden WA. Smoking affects the subgingival microflora in periodontitis. J Periodontol. 2001 May; 72(5): 666-71.

  57. Delima SL1, McBride RK, Preshaw PM, Heasman PA, Kumar PS. Response of subgingival bacteria to smoking cessation. J Clin Microbiol. 2010; 48(7): 2344-49.

  58. Ebersole JL1, Holt SC, Hansard R, Novak MJ. Microbiologic and immunologic characteristics of periodontal disease in Hispanic americans with type 2 diabetes. J Periodontol. 2008; 79(4):637-46.

  59. Carrillo-de-Albornoz A1, Figuero E, Herrera D, Bascones- Martínez A. Gingival changes during pregnancy: II. Influence of hormonal variations on the subgingival biofilm. J Clin Periodontol. 2010; 37(3): 230-40.

  60. Marsh PD1, Devine DA. How is the development of dental biofilms influenced by the host? J Clin Periodontol. 2011; 38 (Suppl 11): 28-35.

  61. McKee AS, McDermid AS, Baskerville A, Dowsett AB, Ellwood DC and Marsh PD. Effect of hemin on the physiology and virulence of Bacteroides gingivalis W50. Infect. Immun.1986; 52(2): 349-55.

  62. Sreenivasan, Meyer DH and Fives-Taylor PM. Factors influencing the growth and viability of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Oral Microbiology and Immunology.1993; 8 (Issue 6): 361-69.

  63. Bradshaw DJ, McKee AS, Marsh PD. Effects of carbohydrate pulses and pH on population shifts within oral microbial communities in vitro. J Dent Res. 1989; 68(9): 1298-302.

  64. Haffajee AD1, Socransky SS, Smith C, Dibart S, Goodson JM. Subgingival temperature (III). Relation to microbial counts. J Clin Periodontol. 1992; 19(6): 417-22.

  65. Prudente S. Estudio de prevalencia y susceptibilidad antimicrobianas de diferentes periodontopatógenos en pacientes con periodontitis crónica en Brasil. [Tesis doctoral]. Lugar de publicación: institución. 2012.

  66. Schenkein HA. Host responses in maintaining periodontal health and determining periodontal disease. Periodontology 2000.2006; 40(Issue 1): 77-93.

  67. Berezow AB, Darveau RP. Microbial shift and periodontitis. Periodontol 200. 2011; 55(1): 36-47.

  68. Curtis MA, Slaney JM, AduseOpoku J. Critical pathways in microbial virulence. J Clin Periodontol 2005; 32 (Suppl 6): 28-38.

  69. Slots J, Rams TE. Microbiology of periodontal disease. In: Slots J, Taubman MA, editors. Contemporary oral microbiology and immunology. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Year Book.1992;425-443.

  70. Socransky SS. Microbiology of plaque. Compend Contin Educ Dent 1984. 52 (Suppl 5): S53-S56.

  71. Teles R, Teles F, Frias-Lopez J, Paster B, Haffajee A. Lessons learned and underlearned in periodontal microbiology. Periodontol 2000.2013; 62: 95-162.

  72. Van Winkelhoff AJ, Boutaga K. Transmission of periodontal bacteria and models of infection. J. Clin Periodontol. 2005; 32 (Suppl. 6): 16-27.

  73. Colombo AP, Boches SK, Cotton SL, Goodson JM, Kent R, Haffajee AD, Socransky SS, Hasturk H, Van Dyke TE, Dewhirst F, Paster BJ. Comparisons of subgingival microbial profiles of refractory periodontitis, severe periodontitis, and periodontal health using the human oral microbe identification microarray. J Periodontol. 2009; 80(9): 1421-32.

  74. Contreras A., Moreno S., Jaramillo A., Pelaez M., Duque A., Botero J., & Slots J. Periodontal microbiology in Latin America. Periodontology 2000. 2015; 67: 58-86.

  75. Socransky SS, Haffajje AD, Cugini M.A, Smith CM, Kent RL Jr. Microbial complexes in subgingival plaque. J Clin Periodontol 1998; 25: 134-44.

  76. Ali RW, Velcescu C, Jivanescu MC. Prevalence of 6 putative periodontal pathogens in subgingival plaque samples for Romanian adult periodontitis patients. J Clin Periodontol.1996. (23); 133-39.

  77. Könönen E & Gürsoy M. Subgingival Distribution of microrganisms.Curr Oral Health Rep.2014; 1: 262-71.

  78. Perea E. La microbiología Oral en la era de la genómica y la proteómica. Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clinica. 2005. 23; 113-15.

  79. Darveau R, Tanner A, Page R. The Microbial Challenge in Periodontitis. Periodontol.1997.14; 12-32.

  80. Slots J, Feik D, Rams TE. Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonadaceae and Acinetobacter in human periodontitis. Oral Microbiol Inmunol 1990; 5:149-54.

  81. Ardila M. Effect of enterobacteriaceae in patients with chronic periodontitis. Av. Periodon Implantol. 2010. 22(1): 27.

  82. Ardilla et al. Enfoque multinivel de la relación entre bacilos entéricos Gram negativos, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, y parámetros clínicos en enfermedad periodontal. 2011. 5(6): 993-1007.

  83. Betancourth M, Arce R, Botero J, Jaramillo A, Cruz C, Contreras A. Microorganismos inusuales en surcos y bolsas periodontales. Colomb Med 2006; 37: 6-14.

  84. Canabaro A, Valle C, Farias M R, Santos F B, Lazera M, Wanke B. Association of subgingival colonization of Candida albicans and other yeasts with severity of chronic periodontitis. J Periodont Res 2013; 48: 428-32

  85. Lafaurie G, Contreras A, Baron A, Botero J, Mayorga Fayad I, Jaramillo, et al. Demographic, clinical, and Microbial Aspects of Chronic and Agressive Periodontitis in Colombia. A Multicenter Study. Journal Periodontol. 2007; 78: 629-39.

  86. Slots J, Rams TE, Feik D, Taveras HD, Gillespie GM. Subgingival microflora of advanced periodontitis in the Dominican Republic. J Periodontol. 1991; 62(9): 543-47.

  87. Sedgley CM, Saramanarayake LP, Chan JCY and Wei SHY. A 4-year longitudinal of the oral prevalence of enteric gramnegative rods and yeasts in Chinese children. Oral Microbiology and Inmmunology.1997; 12:183-88.

  88. Botero L, Vélez M y Alvear F. Factores de pronóstico en periodoncia. Revista Facultad de odontología de la Universidad de Antioquia. 2008.19 (2): 69-79.



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