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>Revistas >Gaceta Médica de México >Año 2018, No. 1


Rascón-Martínez DM, Guzmán-Sánchez JA, Corral-Urdapilleta NP, Arguelles-Uribe GD, Velázquez-Loeza J, Soto-Palma G, Carrillo-Torres O
Gabapentina a dosis de 300 vs. 450 mg como premedicación anestésica para hipertensión reactiva, ansiedad y analgesia
Gac Med Mex 2018; 154 (1)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 36
Paginas: 54-61
Archivo PDF: 299.43 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

Objetivo: Observar el comportamiento de la gabapentina para aminorar la hipertensión reactiva secundaria a ansiedad y dolor en pacientes sometidos a cirugía oftálmica, así como el consumo de opiáceos entre los grupos. Método: Ensayo clínico controlado aleatorizado y doble ciego que analizó a 125 pacientes divididos en tres grupos: grupo A, gabapentina 300 mg; grupo B, gabapentina 450 mg; grupo C, amaranto en grageas como control 2 horas antes del procedimiento quirúrgico. Se utilizó la prueba de ji al cuadrado para variables sociodemográficas y ANOVA de un factor para variables numéricas continuas. Se consideró como significativo un valor de p ‹ 0.05 para un estudio de dos colas con un poder beta del 80%. Resultados: La ansiedad y la analgesia transoperatoria y posoperatoria tuvieron diferencias significativas entre los grupos. Se encontró menor consumo de opiáceos en los grupos que usaron gabapentina. Conclusiones: La gabapentina por vía oral, 300 o 450 mg, 2 horas antes de la cirugía, reduce el dolor, la ansiedad y el consumo de opiáceos durante el posoperatorio en pacientes sometidos a cirugía oftalmológica.


Palabras clave: Gabapentina, Hipertensión reactiva, Ansiólisis, Analgesia.


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>Revistas >Gaceta Médica de México >Año2018, No. 1
 

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