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>Revistas >Gaceta Médica de México >Año 2019, No. 1


Layseca-Espinosa E, Monsiváis-Urenda A, Doníz-Padilla L, Portillo-Salazar H, Hernández-Castro B, Vitales-Noyola M, González-Amaro R
Células T reguladoras en lupus eritematoso generalizado
Gac Med Mex 2019; 155 (1)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 60
Paginas: 72-79
Archivo PDF: 286.94 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

El lupus eritematoso generalizado (LEG) es una enfermedad autoinmune crónica caracterizada por la pérdida de la tolerancia a los antígenos propios y la síntesis de diferentes autoanticuerpos con la formación y depósito de complejos inmunes y el daño de múltiples órganos. Las células T reguladoras (Treg) desempeñan un papel esencial en el mantenimiento de la tolerancia periférica, controlan el estado de activación del sistema inmune y limitan las respuestas autoinmunes. El estudio del número y la función de las diferentes subpoblaciones de células Treg en LEG ha sido objeto de una intensa investigación. Dependiendo del fenotipo de las células Treg analizado se ha reportado que la frecuencia de estas células en pacientes con LEG se encuentra disminuida, aumentada o sin alteraciones. Además, diferentes grupos han descrito que la función supresora de las células Treg de los pacientes con LEG se encuentra reducida o no se ve afectada. En conjunto, lo datos reportados sugieren que las células Treg desempeñan un papel relevante en la patogénesis del LEG y que estos linfocitos pueden ser considerados blancos potenciales para el diseño de nuevas estrategias terapéuticas para esta enfermedad.


Palabras clave: Regulación de la respuesta inmune, Células Treg, Lupus eritematoso generalizado.


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>Revistas >Gaceta Médica de México >Año2019, No. 1
 

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