2020, Number 2
Rev Cubana Hematol Inmunol Hemoter 2020; 36 (2)
Arango PMC, Villegas VCA, Soto PP, Torres LG, Morejón MA, Faxas GME
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: Determination of lymphocytic immunophenotypes in peripheral blood is part of the evaluation of the general state of the immune system. These tests provide information about the distribution, concentration, and functionality of immune cells, which helps establish prognoses in cancer and predictions of therapeutic responses.
Objective: To evaluate the distribution of circulating lymphocyte concentrations in peripheral blood of cancer patients.
Methods: An analytical study was carried out with 154 cancer patients treated at the Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology in Havana, from 2017 to 2019. Multiparametric flow cytometry was used to identify lymphocyte immunophenotypes. This procedure was performed before beginning any immunotherapeutic treatment.
Results: Cancer patients showed greater heterogeneity in the distribution of lymphocyte populations compared to control patients. The median for total lymphocytes and the lymphocyte subpopulations of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and CD19+ were significantly lower in patients. CD4+ CD8+ double-positive T lymphocytes were found to be significantly elevated. No sex differences were found. Age was negatively associated with the concentrations of T-cells populations in solid tumors, and with T- and B-cells populations in lymphomas. In prostate cancer, the lowest values of lymphocyte populations were obtained.
Conclusions: Cancer patients have a lower concentration of lymphocytes in peripheral blood than healthy patients in the control group. The most affected ones were the T-cells subpopulations and B lymphocytes. Age was negatively associated with blood levels of lymphocytes, which could be related to immunosenescence.