2020, Number 4
Rev Cubana Pediatr 2020; 92 (4)
Fernández MS, Lantarón CEM, Da Cuña CI
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: Lung ultrasound has different advantages in respect to other imaging diagnosis techniques. It is a directed, quick, less expensive technique and in which the patient is not exposed to ionizing radiation.
Objective: To confirm the diagnosis ability of lung ultrasound in newborns and its feasibility as a diagnosis method to alternate with the current main procedures.
Methods: It was carried out a bibliographic search in databases and articles searchers as Medline, Cinahl, Scopus, Web of science during January and February 2018. 96 articles were found but 80 of them were removed after implementing the exclusion criteria. Therefore, the sample was formed by 16 articles published in the last five years.
Results: In 6 of the selected articles it was compared lung ultrasound with other imaging diagnosis tests; other 6 articles assessed the findings in already diagnosed patients, and in the other 4 patients it was established a classification according to the echographic signs.
Final considerations: Lung ultrasound has positive results in all the studies assessed, so, it looks like a viable tool in the near future for the diagnosis of neonatal lung disease, and in addition it has multiple advantages with respect to other methods.