2002, Number 1
Solórzano SF, Miranda NMG, Díaz RRD
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ABSTRACTMeningitis may be defined as inflammation of brain and meninges. Bacterial meningitis is the more frequent cause of purulent meningitis. Etiology varies according to age, in children under two months of age the more frequent microorganism is group b Streptococcus; over that age is S. pneumoniae. Four clinical syndromes are present: infectious, cranial hypertension, meningeal irritation and neuronal damage. Complications can be acute, subacute and chronic. Diagnosis is based on CSF parameters and CSF culture. Treatment is oriented to management of the clinical symptoms and signs and complications. Antibacterial treatment is started empirically and is modified as soos as a microorganism is identified in the culture.