2006, Number 2
Gac Med Mex 2006; 142 (2)
Martínez-Mancilla M, Zafra-de la Rosa G, Reynoso-Gómez E, Astudillo-de la Vega H, Nambo-Lucio MJ, Benítez-Bribiesca L, Martínez-Avalos A, Rivera-Luna R, Gariglio P
PDF size: 493.04 Kb.
ABSTRACTLeukemia-associated fusion genes are detected in a significant proportion of newly diagnosed cases, where genes encoding transcription factors are usually found at one of the breakpoints. Activated fusion proteins such as Pml-Rara, have been shown to inhibit cellular differentiation by recruitment of nuclear corepressor complexes, which maintain local histone deacetylase (HDAC) in a variety of hematologic lineage-specific gene promoters. This HDAC-dependent transcriptional repression appears as a common pathway in the development of leukemia and could constitute an important target for new therapeutic agents. Alternatively, the Bcr-Abl oncoprotein shows high tyrosine kinase activity and deregulates signal transduction pathways normally involved in both apoptosis and proliferation. This aberrant activity is affected by signal transduction inhibitors (STIs), which block or prevent the oncogenic pathway.
In this review, we shed some light on our understanding of both the reversible transcriptional repression controlled by HDAC and the deregulated Bcr-Abl signal transduction pathway. In addition, the administration of low molecular weight drugs for human leukemia treatment based on this knowledge brings about a significant long-term clinical remission and an acceptable risk of toxic effects that should increase the cure rate.