2007, Number 4
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ABSTRACTLast three decades has been characterized by an a progressive urbanization, poblational increase, lost of forest lands with accelerated desertification and erosion (2,100 km2 annually only in China) and severe droughts generating dust torments that travel from the African and Asia deserts throw Continents and Oceans. Some components of the dust are benefitious to the forest of Amazons, Central America and Hawaii, but others like pesticides, heavy metals, crystals, radioactive isotopes, microorganisms and insects; are deleterious for the Coral Reefs of the Caribbean Islands; the quality of the air of many cities of the East Coast of United States; allergy and respiratory ailments in the Tobago and Trinidad Islands were the asthma incidence has been multiplied 17 times in the last 23 years and affect 25% of his total population, Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been isolated with African dust of the Virgin Islands. The exposition to torments of desert dust has been associated to Coccidioidomycosis and Hantavirus pneumonia in Western United States, and meningococcal meningitis (meningitis belt) in North Africa.
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