2006, Number 09
Ginecol Obstet Mex 2006; 74 (09)
Romero GG, Urbina OFJ, Ponce PLAL, Amador N
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ABSTRACTObjective: To determine the maternal and fetal morbidity in obese pregnant women compared with non-obese pregnant women.
Patients and methods: It was carried out a case-control study. There were included 342 patients who had a body mass index previous to the pregnancy of 18.5 to 24.9 (control group) and 342 pregnant women with body mass index › 30 (group of obese women). We registered the mother and newborns’ data to evaluate their morbidity. The groups were compared with Student’s t test or Mann Whitney’s U test for continuous data and chi-square or Fisher exact test for categorical variables.
Results: We found more macrosomic newborns in the group of obese women (p = 0.003) and a higher number of caesarean sections (48.8 vs 37.4%, p = 0.003). The maternal morbidity characterized by gestational diabetes was higher in the obese ones (3.5 vs 0.58%, p = 0.015). Other variables as preterm delivery, stillbirths, malformations, admissions to the neonatal intensive care unit, as well as the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy were not significant.
Conclusion: We found higher maternal and fetal morbidity in obese women. Therefore, these patients should be considered as carriers of high-risk pregnancies. This strategy could avoid complications associated to this group of patients.