2006, Number 4
Med Int Mex 2006; 22 (4)
Triage in the emergency service
López RJ, Montiel EMDV, Licona QR
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The classification process of the patients that assist to the hospital emergency services has become a necessity due to the great demand of attention and to the saturation that sometimes these services present without being a disaster or catastrophe situation or any other massive eventuality. Patient’s classification has been performed in a formal or informal way since the hospital emergency services appeared, but it is necessary to establish an efficient management of the personnel of that service. They have to identify the patient’s needs, to establish priorities, and to implement an adequate treatment through the investigation and disposition of resources. Among the classification processes of patients, there is one that began in the war with Napoleon’s army, and that was called triage. Its application was used again in the First and Second World Wars. With all these records it was made a review of the worldwide bibliography about the triage in the emergency services. It was found that the system with greatest controls, reliability, reproducibility and statistical validation is the five-level triage system.
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