2007, Number 2
salud publica mex 2007; 49 (2)
Romero-Velarde E, Campollo-Rivas O, Celis RA, Vásquez-Garibay EM, Castro-Hernández JF, Cruz-Osorio RM
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ABSTRACTObjective. To assess the risk of dislypidemia associated with obesity in children and adolescents. Material and Methods. A cross sectional study was conducted with 62 obese children (BMI › 95 centile and tricipital skinfold thickness › 90 centile) and 70 non-obese children (BMI 5-85 centile) ages 5-15 years, without chronic diseases. Subjects’ characteristics and family background of chronic diseases were collected and a lipid profile was determined. The risk of lipid alterations in the obese children was calculated using odds ratio (OR) and multivariate analysis. Results. Mean age was 9.8 ± 2.7 years in both groups; 63 girls and 69 boys were included. Obesity was associated with abnormal values for cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, HDL and dislypidemia (› 1 abnormal value) (OR 4.47-15.0). In obese children and adolescents the multivariate analysis showed that female gender was associated with dislypidemia. Conclusion. Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with high risk of dislypidemia; the risk is higher among females.