2007, Number S3
PDF size: 170.62 Kb.
ABSTRACTObjective. To report the comparative results of the sub-sample of fasting adults selected for the biochemical measurement of cardiovascular risk factors and the rest of the Mexican Health Survey (MHS) (2000) participants. Material and Methods. The nationally representative, cross-sectional Mexican Health Survey (2000) was analyzed. Survey participants reporting a fasting state period of 9- to 12-h were included in a sub-sample (n= 2 535) and compared with all other participants (n= 41 126). Prevalence and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated for socio-demographic, anthropometric, health and personal background characteristics and compared between groups using Pearson χ2 to determine significant differences. Mean and 95%CI and a T-test were calculated to analyze continuous variables. Results. From the 45 294 adults participating in the MHS, 5.59% were at fasting state. The fasting sub-sample (FS) had a higher male-to-female ratio and was on average 3.5 years younger than the non-fasting participants (NF) and had a 1.5cm wider average waist circumference. No differences were found in location, country region, socio-economic status, indigenous population, or literacy. Also, no differences were found in weight, height, BMI, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, prevalence of diabetes mellitus, previous medical diagnosis of dislypidemias, or tobacco or alcohol consumption. Conclusion. This paper documents the characteristics of the fasting sub-sample from the Mexican Health Survey (MHS). Overall, the non-fasting participants had no relevant differences that can contribute to generate biased results in the analysis of biochemical indicators of cardiovascular risk.
Sepulveda-Amor, J, Lezana, MA, Tapia-Conyer, R, Valdespino, JL, Madrigal, H, Kumate, J. Estado nutricional de preescolares y mujeres en México: resultados de una encuesta probabilística poblacional. Gac Med Mex 1990;126:207-224.
Rivera, J, Shamah, T, Villalpando, S, González-Cossio, T, Hernández, B, Sepúlveda, J. Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición 1999: Estado nutricio de niños y mujeres en México. Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica/Secretaría de Salud, 2000.
Aguilar-Salinas CA, Olaiz G, Valles V, Rios-Torres J, Gómez-Pérez FJ, Rojas R et al. High prevalence of low HDL cholesterol concentrations and mixed hyperlipidemia in a Mexican nationwide survey. J Lipid Res 2001;42:1298-1307.
Olaiz G, Rojas R, Barquera S, Shamah T, Aguilar C, Cravioto P. Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2000. Tomo 2: La salud de los adultos. Cuernavaca, Morelos, México, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, 2003.
Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. Encuesta Nacional de Salud (ENSA) 2000. Mexico DF: Secretaría de Salud, 2000.
World Health Organization. Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Geneva: WHO, 1995.
Expert panel on detection evaluation and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults. Executive summary of the third report of the national cholesterol education program (NCEP) expert panel on detection, evaluation and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults (adult treatment panel III). JAMA 2002;287:356-359.
Hernandez-Diaz S, Peterson K, Dixit S, Hernandez B, Parra S, Barquera S. Association of maternal short stature with stunting in Mexican children: common genes vs common environment. Eur Clin Nutr 1999;53:938-945.
Barquera S, Tovar-Guzmán V, Campos-Nonato I, González-Villalpando C, Rivera-Dommarco J. Geography of diabetes mellitus mortality in Mexico: an epidemiologic transition analysis. Arch Med Res 2003;34:407-414.
American Diabetes Association. Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 2006;29 Supl 1:S43-48.
Valdespino J, Olaiz G, López-Barajas M, Mendoza L, Palma O, Velázquez O. Encuesta Nacional de Salud. Tomo 1. Cuernavaca, Morelos, México: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, 2003.
Ley de Información Estadística y Geográfica. Diario Oficial de la Federación. Estados Unidos Mexicanos, 1980.