Entrar/Registro  
HOME SPANISH
 
Salud Mental
   
MENU

Contents by Year, Volume and Issue

Table of Contents

General Information

Instructions for Authors

Message to Editor

Editorial Board






>Journals >Salud Mental >Year 2002, Issue 5


Buela-Casal G, Santos-Roig M, Carretero-Dios H, Cachinero J
Análisis de la interrelación entre alergia y variables psicológicas
Salud Mental 2002; 25 (5)

Language: Español
References: 19
Page: 23-28
PDF: 359.19 Kb.

[Full text - PDF]

ABSTRACT

The relationships between body and mind has always been acknowledged not only in daily life experience but in a most purely scientific way. The possibility that in the origin of certain diseases, psychological factors, such as stress, could be involved, has been demostrated, as well as the fact that psychological variables could explain the permanence of certain diseases such as asthma (concerning asthmatic crisis), cancer and others, or even contribute to worsen theses conditions.
Psychoimmunology has been interested in all these aspects, and so, has demonstrated the existence of a two-way relationship between body and mind, and also the usefulness of applying this knowledge to the field of health.
Among the studies accomplished in this field are those that try to determine what psychological variables differ in subjects that suffer certain diseases, and most of all if these differences could explain the development of the disease or if they are only a consequence of such disease that affect psychological health.
The present study does not intend to encompass this great objective, but rather, is focused on the study of individual differences regarding allergy. Our study was carried out in 228 adult subjects; 22 of them were olive tree pollen allergic and the remaining 206 not allergic.
The study was quasi-experimental and transversal and its objective was to prove if there were any differences between groups (allergic as compared to not allergic) in the scores given to various psychological tests that were assessing three psychological variables; Social Anxiety, General Anxiety and Personality. In regard to Social Anxiety, the results indicate that there are differences between groups in scores obtained on the scales that assess it (Fear to Negative Evaluation Scale and Avoid and Social Anxiety Scale). The results for General Anxiety are the same for both scales of STAI and for the subscale Extrovertion and Neuroticism of the Eysenck´s Personality Questionnaire (EPQ-A). Finally, it is concluded that the differences found between groups in the two tests (STAI and EPQ-A) are related to social components that should be considered in future researchs


Key words: psychological factors, individual differences, anxiety, personality.


REFERENCIAS

  1. ARNAU J: Diseños Experimentales en Psicología y Educación. Vol 1., 38-39, Trillas, México, 1990.

  2. BONEAU CA: The effects of violations of assumptions underlying the test. Psy Bull, 57:49-64, 1960.

  3. BELLOCH A, PERPIÑA M, PAREDES T, GIMENEZ A, COMPTE L, BAÑOS R: Bronchial asthma and personality dimensions: A multifaceted association. J Asthma, 31(3):161- 170, 1994.

  4. BUSSING R, BURKET RC, KELLEHER ET: Prevalence of anxiety disorders in a clinic based sample of pediatrics asthma patients. Psychosomatics, 37:108-115, 1996.

  5. BUTZ AM, ALEXANDER C: Anxiety in children with asthma. J Asthma, 30:199-209, 1993.

  6. CREER TL, KOTSES H: An extention of the Reed and Townley conceptions on pathogenesis of asthma: The role of behavioral and psychological stimuli and responses. Pediatr Asthma Aller, 4:81-104, 1990.

  7. EYSENCK HJ, EYSENCK SB: Cuestionario de Personalidad para Adultos. TEA, Madrid, 1997.

  8. FORERO R, BAUMAN A, YOUNG L, BOOTH M, NUTBEAM D: Asthma, health behaviors, social adjustment and psychosomatic symthoms in adolescence. J Asthma, 33:157-164, 1996.

  9. GORTMAKER SL, WALKER DK, WEITZMAN M, SOBOL AM: Chronic conditions, socioeconomics risks and behavioral problems in children and adolescents. Pediatrics, 85:267-276, 1990.

  10. KERLINGER FN: Investigación del Comportamiento. Técnicas y Metodología. Interamericana (2ª ed. Trad., 1964). México, 1982.

  11. KINSMAN RA, LUPARELLO T, O’BANION K, SPECTOR S: Multidimensional analysis of the subjective symtomatology of asthma. Psychosom Med, 35:250-267, 1973.

  12. KOVACS M, ARATO M: The prevalence of allergic diseases in affective and anxiety disorders. Eur Neuropsychopharm, 7(2):273-274, 1999.

  13. MASIA CL, MULLEN KB, SCOTTI JR: Peanut allergy in children: Psychological issues and clinical considerations. Educ Treat Child, 21(4):514-532, 1998.

  14. NASSAU JH, DROTAR D: Social competence in children with IDDM and asthma: Child, children and parent reports of children’s social adjustment, social performance, and social skills. J Pediatr Psych, 20:187-204, 1995.

  15. NOUWEN A, FREESTON MH, LABBE R, BOULET LP: Psychological factors associated with emergency room visits among asthmatic patients. Behav Modific, 23(2):217-234, 1999.

  16. SANDBERG S, PATON JY, AHOLA S, MCCANN DC, MCGUINNESS D, HILLARY CR, OJA H: The role of acutte stress in asthma attacks in children. Lancet, 356(2934):982-988, 2000.

  17. SPIELBERGER CD, LUSHENE RE, GORSUCH RL: Inventario de Ansiedad Estado-Rasgo. TEA, Madrid, 1988.

  18. WATSON D, FRIEND R: Measurement of social-evaluative anxiety. J Consult Clin Psych, 33:448-457, 1969.

  19. VALENZUELA FJ, MEDOZA JC: La depresión y la ansiedad en las enfermedades alérgicas. Rev Alerg Méx, 3(1):11-14, 1985.






>Journals >Salud Mental >Year 2002, Issue 5
 

· Journal Index 
· Links 






       
Copyright 2019