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>Journals >Archivos en Medicina Familiar >Year 2007, Issue 2


Amador-Díaz MB, Márquez-Celedonio FG, Sabido-Sighler AS
Self Healthcare-associated Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Arch Med Fam 2007; 9 (2)

Language: Español
References: 34
Page: 99-107
PDF: 188.24 Kb.


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ABSTRACT

Objective. Objective: To quantify the prevalence and self healthcare-related factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Materials and Methods: By means of probabilistic sampling, we selected 200 patients with DM2, to whom we applied a transversal analytic survey. We applied a self healthcare-related questionnaire, and additionally investigated glycemic level and sociodemographic and psychological factors, analyzing by means of odds ratio (OR) prevalence. Results: We found 125 patients with self healthcare (65%), who comprised Group A; on the other hand, patients without self healthcare numbered 75 (37.5%) and made up Group B. For Group A, fasting glucose level was 170 mg/dl, while for Group B this was 202 mg/dl (p ‹0.05). The disintegrated family had a risk of 4.62 (p ‹0.00) for practicing self healthcare. Not experiencing anxiety or depression (p = 0.00) was a favorable factor. Conclusions: The self healthcare prevalence found coincided with other reports. Patients with self healthcare had significantly lower glycemic numbers, without reaching metabolic control. The main self healthcare-related factor is found in the family, thus, it is necessary to promote integration and familial support.


Key words: Self-care, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Family Medicine.


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