2003, Number 4
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ABSTRACTObjective: To present the antecedents and results of a psychological and educational intervention for women with depression symptoms. Background: The depression affects twice times more to women than men and it has a high personal, social and economic cost, occupying the fourth place among all the illnesses due to disability and premature death that it causes. This project give some answer to growing world concern for depression and the enormous disability associated. Material and methods: The investigation was carried out in three Community Centers of Mental Health and Health Center of Health Ministry. It was designed and it evaluated a psychological and educative intervention, directed to women with depression symptoms. One hundred-thirty five women participated between 20 and 45 years old, with moderate or severe depressive symptomatology (CES-D). The study was comparative among a group condition IG (6 sessions of two hours) and an individual IIM (an educational session and educational material), in four phases: pre-treatment, post-treatment, and following by four months and by two years. Results: In multiple analysis of variance for repeated measures a significant reduction of depression symptoms was observed in post-treatment and following phases without there were significant differences among the conditions (IG/IIM). The self-esteem was found with a significant reduction in the same mensurations and they were not significant differences among the conditions (IG/IIM). In the following by two years, didn’t show the decrease in depression symptoms, however, these were not bigger than in the pre-treatment phase, but the self-esteem increased. It was also observed that the participants considered that the intervention had a positive influence in hers lives and problems and they expressed great satisfaction with help received. Conclusions: It was found that both interventions were effective in reducing the depression symptoms, more to medium term that long term and in improving the long term self-esteem with great satisfaction with help received in the participants.
Spitzer RL, Williams JBW, Gibbon M. Guía del usuario para la entrevista clínica estructurada para el DSM-III-R. Departamento de Psiquiatría e Investigaciones Biométricas de la Universidad del Estado de Nueva York (Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-III-R. Patient version [SCID-P,4/1/88]. New York State Psychiatry Institute, Biometrics Research); 1998.