2003, Number 4
Perinatol Reprod Hum 2003; 17 (4)
Uribe-Zúñiga P, Magis-Rodríguez C, Bravo-García E, Gayet-errano C, Villegas-Icazbalceta L, Hernández-Tepichin G
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ABSTRACTThe structural conditions of social inequality in that women live are the main factor of their vulnerability. The main vulnerabilities that women affect are biological, epidemic, social and cultural. In the case of the biological vulnerability it has been proven that in the heterosexual relationships, the woman is from 2 to more vulnerable 4 times to the infection for the VIH that the man. For year 2002, the Program of the United Nations Organisation for the Prevention of the AIDS (UNAIDS), estimated that in the world 42 million people are living with the Human Inmunodeficiency Virus (HIV), of those which 19.2 millions (45.9%) are women and 3.2 millions (7.7%) smaller than 15 years. In Latin America and the Caribbean, the number of infections for HIV almost reached the figure of 2 million infections and it has become the second region more affected by the epidemic of the AIDS, with a prevalence of 2.3% in the population. Mexico is located in the twentieth third place in America and the Caribbean, and the place seventy seven at world level. Of the total of accumulated cases, 49,207 (85.4%) correspond to men and 8,433 (14.6%) to women, settling down a relationship man/woman from 6 to 1. However, it can be observed that for the cases of having been diagnosed in the 2002, the proportion of women reached 16.5%. With the introduction of the antiretroviral treatments, the figures of mortality began to diminish in Mexico. For example, the rate of mortality in population of 25 to 34 years, began to diminish in 1997 until reaching a figure of 16.0 for a hundred thousand inhabitants in the year 2001. The decrease in the mortality is associated with the growth in the covering of the antiretroviral treatment. To prevent the perinatal transmission of HIV/AIS and sexual transmitted infections, it is required to detect all infected woman appropriately. For this reason it is indispensable to qualify personnel of health to identify risk factors, to promote the prenatal attention, to provide information and appropriate advice about the importance of these infections and the risk of transmitting them to their children.