>Cirugía y Cirujanos
>Year 2009, Issue 6
Correa-Rovelo JM, Téllez-Reynoso O, Obregón-Casanueva L, Morán-Villota S, Duque-López X, García-Osogobio S
Mucosectomía rectal con engrapadora sola y combinada con otros procedimientos quirúrgicos anorrectales. Análisis multivariado de los factores que afectan el resultado clínico
Cir Cir 2009; 77 (6)
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Background: We undertook this study to compare the clinical outcome of stapled rectal mucosectomy (SRM) alone and in combination with sphincterotomy and resection of external components and to determine the influence of factors related to complications and patient satisfaction. Methods: Patients with second- to fourth-degree hemorrhoids who underwent SRM alone or in combination with other anorectal procedures were included. Postoperative complications, symptom resolution and patient satisfaction were analyzed. Results: Two hundred forty one patients with a minimum follow-up of 1 year were divided into three groups: SRM alone (n = 187), SRM combined with sphincterotomy (n = 31) and SRM combined with external component resection (n = 23). Patients with SRM with sphincterotomy showed a higher complication rate than the other groups (32 vs. 12.8% and 13%, respectively, p = 0.02). SRM combined with sphincterotomy was associated with a higher rate of complications (OR = 3.5; 95% CI = 1.4-8.7). SRM alone with low mucosal resection was associated with a lower complications rate (OR = 0.4, 95% CI = 0.2-0.8). Resolution of preoperative symptoms was ›80% among the three groups. There was no association between complications and type of procedure with satisfaction level. Resolution of symptoms ‹80% was associated with low/intermediate level of satisfaction (p ‹0.001). Conclusions: Resolution of preoperative symptoms is similar among the three groups. SRM combined with sphincterotomy has a higher risk of complications. The satisfaction level is associated with resolution of preoperative symptoms.
||Stapled rectal mucosectomy, sphincterotomy, external component resection.
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>Cirugía y Cirujanos
>Year 2009, Issue 6