2010, Number 3
Rev Mex Urol 2010; 70 (3)
Francolugo-Vélez VA, Zarzosa-Alguiar J
PDF size: 596.78 Kb.
ABSTRACTSchistosomiasis, also known as Bilharziasis or Bilharsiosis, is a disease that can cause hemorrhagic cystitis and be associated with bladder cancer. Schistosomiasis is caused by Schistosoma haematobium. It is more frequent in Africa and the Middle East and is highly contagious for humans in the larual stage miracidia phase of the platyhelminth worm.
Clinical case: The patient is a 24-year-old Nigerian man presenting with mild hematuria of 1 year progression. Kidney microlithiasis in the middle calyx of the right kidney and bladder polyps were revealed by 64-slice computerized tomography. Cystoscopic biopsy reported acute and chronic cystitis with hemorrhage and epidermoid metaplasia, a lesion following Schistosoma haematobium egg deposition. Patient was treated with praziquantel.