2008, Number 41
Med Univer 2008; 10 (41)
Flores ADE, Ortiz LR, Garza EMA, Rodríguez AJ, Vázquez FBR, González BA
PDF size: 303.48 Kb.
ABSTRACTBackground: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main risk factor for the development of cervical cancer, which remains the most common malignancy in our country. There are studies in which immunosuppressed patients have an increased risk of suffering an infection by HPV.
Objective: To determine the prevalence of HPV infection in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared with women matched by age in an open population.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional, comparative, and observational study in women with RA and women without rheumatic disease to whom cervical cytology, HPV detection and typing were performed. Data were analyzed using Chi2 test, Fisher’s exact, Mann-Whitney and odds ratio.
Results: The study included 77 women with RA matched by age and 77 women without RA. The frequency of HPV infection in 37 patients with RA (48%) against 17 women without RA (22%) [OR 3.1551 95% (1.56 - 6.35) p = 0,001]. HPV types 83 and 59 were more frequent in women with RA, while in the controls, types 59, 81 and 54 were found. No relation with the duration of the disease, steroid use, or immunosuppression was found.
Conclusions: HPV infection is more common in women with rheumatoid arthritis compared to those women without rheumatic disease.