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>Journals >Gaceta Médica de México >Year 2010, Issue 6


Aguilar-Zinser JV
La situación actual de los accidentes en el mundo
Gac Med Mex 2010; 146 (6)

Language: Español
References: 4
Page: 384-388
PDF: 96.26 Kb.


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ABSTRACT

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of traffic accidents is of concern. About 1.2 million people die every year on the roadways and about 20 to 50 million suffer from non-lethal trauma.
Countries with low or medium incomes have higher rates of lethality by traffic accidents (21.5 and 19.5 per 100,000 habitants, respectively) than countries with higher incomes (10.3 per 100,000).
It is estimated that the cost of traffic accidents in countries that are members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), escalate to rates that are between 2-5% of the gross domestic product (GDP). According to data from the health sector in Mexico, these rates are equivalent to 1.3 of GDP.
The WHO foresees that traffic accident traumas will rise to be the third cause of mortality in 2030.
Because of the high complexity of the transport sector, it is necessary that the Transport and Communication Ministry works in a multidisciplinary and intersectorial fashion to ensure that the land transportation systems operate effectively, in accordance with national economic development and the quality of life of the Mexican people.


Key words: Accident, Accident rate, Road safety.


REFERENCIAS

  1. Organización Mundial de la Salud. Informe sobre la situación mundial de la seguridad vial: es hora de pasar a la acción. Ginebra, 2009. (wwww.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/road_safety_status/2009).

  2. Organización Panamericana de la Salud. Informe mundial sobre prevención de los traumatismos causados por el tránsito. Washington, D.C.

  3. Gosselin RA, Spiegel DA, Coughlin R, Zirkle LG. Los traumatismos: el problema sanitario desatendido en los países en desarrollo. Organización Mundial de la Salud. 2009;87:246.

  4. Molinar JF, Treviño H, Aguilar JV, Elizalde M. Seguridad vial en la red carretera nacional. Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes, México, 2009.






>Journals >Gaceta Médica de México >Year 2010, Issue 6
 

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