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>Journals >Gaceta Médica de México >Year 2010, Issue 6


Garza RJ
La situación actual de las zoonosis más frecuentes en México
Gac Med Mex 2010; 146 (6)

Language: Español
References: 13
Page: 430-436
PDF: 90.08 Kb.


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ABSTRACT

Control and eradication of zoonoses is a priority because there can only be human health if there is animal health, and both will not exist if the environment is not healthy. This concept is called “One Health”. Mexico has demonstrated its capacity to eradicate various zoonoses such as Venezuelan equine encephalitis, yellow fever, cattle screwworm, and highly pathogenic avian influenza. Zoonoses and emerging and reemerging diseases and food-borne diseases are called neglected diseases. They provoke disease and diminish food security. Their presence is seen in marginalized populations with lags in their development that reflect the lack of equity in our society; these diseases are the product of the lack of attention to the social determinants of health and risk factors. Tackling these diseases should be comprehensive, with intersectoral, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary approaches. Government agencies located in the human/animal health environment interface do not have established limits of liability and there are overlapping and empty spots; legislation is insufficient to guarantee collaboration. It is urgent to have reforms and new forms of organizations, regionalized according to the epidemiological situation; at the municipal level, a priority is to formalize an effective service of veterinary public health. New impetuses to address the persistent social and health lags are proposed.


Key words: Zoonosis, Health, Determinants of health, Food security, Poverty.


REFERENCIAS

  1. Garza J. Zoonosis. En: Urbina M, Moguel A, Muñiz M, Solís J (Ed.). La experiencia mexicana en salud pública, oportunidad y rumbo para el tercer milenio. Fondo de Cultura Económica, México. 2006. p. 413-28.

  2. Cardiff RD, Ward JM, Barthold W. One medicine – one pathology: are veterinary and human pathology prepared?. Laboratory investigation. 2008;88:18-26.

  3. Hubálek Z. Emerging human infectious diseases: anthroponoses, zoonoses and sapronoses. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003. En: http://www.cdcgov/ncidod/EID/vol9no3/02-0208.htm.

  4. Garza J. Bioética en la educación veterinaria. Ciencia Veterinaria. 2007;10:1-41.

  5. Santosham M, Chandran A, Fitzwater S, Fisher-Walker C, Bacqui AH y Black R. Progress and barriers for the control of diarrhoeal disease. Lancet. 2010;376:63-7.

  6. Academia Nacional de Medicina. Vinculación salud humana y salud animal. Hacia una sola salud. Coordinador: Garza J; participantes: Santos Preciado JI, Cano Valle F, González Padilla E, Santos Burgoa C. Sesión celebrada el 29 de marzo de 2006. Vínculo con la videoteca de la Academia: http://www.anmm.org.mx/index.php?module=htmlpages&func=display&pid=768.

  7. Academia Nacional de Medicina. Una salud. Coordinador: Garza J; participantes: Berruecos JM, Cárdenas J, Kuri P, Trigo F, Mateos A. Sesión celebrada el 8 de julio de 2009. Vínculo con la videoteca de la Academia: http://www.anmm.org.mx/academia/?q=content/sesi-n-ordinaria-del-08-de-julio-2009.

  8. American Veterinary Medical Association. One health: A new professional imperative. 2008. http://www.avma.org/onehealth.

  9. FAO. Contributing to one world, one health. A strategic framework for reducing risks of infectious diseases at the animal-human-ecosystems interface”. Produced by FAO, OIE, WHO, UN System Influenza Coordination, UNICEF and The World Bank. 2008. http://www.fao.org/docrep/011/aj137e/aj137e00.htm.

  10. Garza J. Una salud: Para estudiantes y profesionales de Medicina Veterinaria. Foro de Educación. Congreso Panamericano de Ciencias Veterinarias. 2010; Lima, Perú.

  11. Consejo Técnico Consultivo Nacional de Sanidad Animal. Foro «Una salud». Memorias de la 17.ª reunión anual del CONASA. 2009 diciembre 2-4; Puebla, México. Edición 2010. p. 362-74.

  12. Consejo Técnico Consultivo Nacional de Sanidad Animal. Seminario «Sumando esfuerzos para el bienestar social en América», 16.a Reunión Anual del CONASA; 2008; Universidad de Guadalajara. Guadalajara, Jalisco. Edición 2009. p. 1-13.

  13. Garza J. Zoonosis: hacia una sola salud. Cooperación Internacional en Enfermedades Epidémicas. Foro Inter-Académico en Problemas de Salud Global. Asociación Latinoamericana de Academias Nacionales de Medicina, España y Portugal (ALANAM). Academia Nacional de Medicina, México. 2006. p. 93-104.






>Journals >Gaceta Médica de México >Year 2010, Issue 6
 

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