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>Journals >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Year 2002, Issue 2


Mendoza-Morfín F, Cárdenas-Tirado H, Montero-González P, Bravo-Ríos LE, Gutiérrez-Ávila C, Torres TM, Pérez-Olea MV
Desmopressin tablets in treatment of patients with central diabetes insipidus
Cir Cir 2002; 70 (2)

Language: Español
References: 22
Page: 93-97
PDF: 85.03 Kb.

[Full text - PDF]

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess desmopressin tablet efficiency and safety related to treatment of central diabetes insipidus patients compared with intranasal administration. Matherial and methods: Twenty five central diabetes insipidus patients were included, 20 men and five women, with age mean of 12.7 ± 3.8 years standard deviation (SD) and 9.6 ± 3.6 years, respectively. All were treated with intranasal desmopressin. After 24 h of desensitization, desmopressin tablets at a proportion of 1:20 with respect to intranasal presentation was begun every 8 or 12h depending on urinary volumes. This phase was continued during 6 months. Twenty one patients proceeded into a second phase of tablet treatment after intranasal desmopressin reinstallation. This time, tablet do ses were adjusted after 72 h of knowing urinary volume and osmolarity, with follow-up at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks of treatment. Results: On comparing urinary volumes of oral against intranasal doses an increase was observed (927.7 ± 267.3 vs 1,085.4 ± 450.2 ml/m2 BS, p = Ns), with urinary osmolarity showing a slight decrease (508.3 ± 263.6 vs 333.3 ± 162.2 mOsm/kg, p = Ns). However, neither difference was statistically significant. In the second phase, mean desmopressin tablet doses were 530.9 ± 212.4 µg/day. Urinary volumes had aslight increase (1,012.7 ± 461.4 vs 1,254.7 ± 732.7 ml/m2 BS, p = Ns), with urinary osmolarity increasing to 340.7 ± 161.6 vs 365.3 ± 194.5 ml/m2 Bs, p = Ns). As before, neither difference was statistically significant. The desmopressin tablet preparation showed to be effective and safe. This is a good alternative to treat central diabetes insipidus in patients when specifically compared to intranasal solution in patients with acute or chronic nasal mucous inflammation.


Key words: , Central diabetes insipidus, Desmopressin tablets.


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>Journals >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Year 2002, Issue 2
 

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