2008, Number 1
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: removing the biological perspective of the sexual differences and understanding the asymmetries related to diabetes, lead to define situations of benefit or deterioration of the population’s health.
Objective: to analyze gender situations related to self-care and control of type 2 Diabetes in primary care patients.
Methods: we conducted a descriptive observational study in 620 patients with diabetes at the family medicine clinic number 3 of Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social in Guadalajara, Mexico. Three groups each with 79 women and 54 men were integrated. Gender situation was valued by means of questionnaires. Data were tested using the multiple correspondences analysis in seven situations of susceptibility. The comparison included the analysis with Snedecor’s F distribution and χ;2.
Results: women have several social disadvantages, deterioration of healthy life, poor self-care and lack of solidarity that increases their vulnerability to reach glycemic control successfully to avert complications.
Conclusions: continuing investigating about the gender situation as the main driver to design specific actions to provide integrated care, should focus to supporting women’s self care in general and glycemic control of diabetic women in particular.
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Documento técnico: Servicios de atención sociomédica en Unidades de Medicina Familiar. Lineamientos para integrar las acciones de prevención y control de sobrepeso/obesidad, hipertensión y diabetes en los servicios de atención sociomédica en unidades de medicina familiar. Distrito Federal, México: IMSS; 2004. p. 1-13.