This journal only 2012, Number 1 Rev Mex Pediatr 2012; 79 (1) The NEET as a problem for the public health Hernández MDS, Benjet C Full text How to cite this article Language: Spanish References: 26 Page: 40-45 PDF size: 48.07 Kb. Key words: NEET, social exclusion, youth, addiction, mental disorders. ABSTRACT Social exclusion, characteristic of our time, prevents school and employment insertion of teenagers, who thus receive no education or employment (not in education, employment or training NEET). The impact of this phenomenon should be known by those involved in the health care of children and adolescents, to understand the public mental health problem facing children in our country. This phenomenon has been reported in the literature for over two decades. Lately it has been linked to social exclusion of middle income developing countries, including Mexico. The literature on the latter is relevant and necessary to inform health care professionals and policy makers. We performed a review of global and national literature to explain theoretically the problem, to understand how this phenomenon arises over time to report the mental health of these adolescents. We found that this social and uncertain situation is related to mental health problems in adolescents according to their occupational status. The NEET teenagers is the most vulnerable group showing higher incidences of anxiety, mood and external disorders and suicidal behavior. REFERENCES http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nini Côté JE. Sociological perspectives on identity formation: the culture-identity link and identity capital. J Adolesc 1996; 19: 417-28. Côté JE, Schwartz SJ. Comparing psychological and sociological approaches to identity: identity status, identity capital, and the individualization process. J Adolesc 2002; 25: 571-86. Bynner J, Parsons S. Social exclusion and the transition from school to work: The case of young people not in education, employment or training (NEET). 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