2012, Number 2
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: Statistics on depression and anxiety among adolescent population of Mexico are associated with high suicide rates, that is why it is very important to research on protective and risk factors such as resilience and poverty.
Objective: To determine whether a correlation exists among family resilience, depression and anxiety in a sample of 100 adolescents of low socioeconomic status.
Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted a in a nonrandom sample of 100 adolescents of both sexes, from Chilmahuacan town in the State of Mexico. A questionnaireongeneral information was applied as well as the Screening Inventory of Family Resources, the Beck Depression Inventory and the Hamilton Anxiety Inventory. Derived from the questionnaires data capture was conducted in SPSS version 19. To determine the correlation, Pearson’s linear r correlation coefficient was calculated.
Results: The results showed a significant negative correlation among resilience, depression and anxiety and a significant positive correlation between depression and anxiety. We also found a significant difference between men and women regarding their ratings of family resilience, depression and anxiety.
Conclusions: Resilience can be a protective factor for adolescents in poverty, as it can help reduce levels of anxiety and depression.
Mercy JA, Butchart A, David Farringcon, Cerda M. Capítulo 2. La violencia juvenil. En: Krug EG, Dahlberg LL, Mercy JA, Zwi AB, Lozano R (ed.). Informe Mundial sobre la violencia y la salud. Washington, D.C.: Organización Mundial de la Salud. Publicación Científica y Técnica No. 588, 2003. [En línea] http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2003/9275315884_spa.pdf [Consultado 16/05/2011].