2012, Number 3
Revista Cubana de Cirugía 2012; 51 (3)
León GO, Pol HP, López RP, Satorre RJ, Rodríguez BH, Cruz GN, Mora LIT
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ABSTRACTMielolipoma is a rare benign tumor of the adrenal gland, which is formed by mature adipose tissue and several hematopoietic elements. They are generally located in the adrenal glands, although they can occur in other sites. The clinical manifestations are varied such as gastrointestinal bleeding, abdominal pain in the flanks, abdominal mass, retroperitoneal hemorrhage, hematuria and loss of weight. Among the diagnosing methods are ultrasound, computerized axial tomography and magnetic imaging resonance. The surgical excision is the treatment of choice, mainly when symptoms are present or in case of over 4 cm tumors, because of the spontaneous rupture risk with retroperitoneal hemorrhage. The objective of this paper was to present a new case of this rare disease together with a brief literature review. A 42 years-old female with a history of abdominal pain located in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, who suffered nephritic colic that was successfully treated. The physical exam at the outpatient service revealed a tumorous mass diagnosed as adrenal tumor by means of ultrasound and axial computerized tomography. She was operated on and the diagnosis was confirmed. Her postoperative recovery was good and the patient is still asymptomatic.