2012, Number 3
Rev Cubana Estomatol 2012; 49 (3)
Overview of Dental Radiology in Brazil: availability of equipment and ambulatory production of radiographs
Lira-Júnior R, Wanderley CY, Dantas DLF, Oliveira de SMA
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ABSTRACTObjective: To provide an overview of dental radiology in Brazil, based on the availability of equipment and outpatient production of X-rays.
Methods: An ecological study was conducted by using secondary data from electronic databases provided by the Health Ministry. For each federal unit of Brazil (n = 27) the following data were collected: number and distribution of equipment for dental X-rays (ARXO) as well as its administrative level; outpatient production of radiographs; total population and population covered in Primary Care. A comparative and descriptive analysis of these data was made.
Results: There are 34 066 X-ray equipment in operation in Brazil, of which 83.8 % belongs to the private sector. Among the Brazilian cities, 47.9 % have their own equipment; however, just considering the public service, 35.6 % of the cities have dental X-ray equipment. There are 5 6209 people per equipment. In the public service, there are 20 5916 people enrolled in primary care per public equipment. Regarding the production of radiographs, 94 % were periapical and/or interproximal.
Conclusions: It is concluded that the amount of equipment is concentrated under the management of the private service. The outpatient production in dental radiology is represented by periapical/interproximal radiographs. Serious discrepancies between the care rendered and the amount of procedures performed in the public health network have been disclosed.