2011, Number 2
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ABSTRACTThe infection by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is considered a public health problem due to the increasing number of cases in the world. This disease has a significant impact on the nutritional aspect result of pathological processes such as anorexia, gastrointestinal damage with malabsorption and augmentation of the basal metabolic rate secondary to systemic infections, tied to a frequent depletion of muscular reserve that initiates before the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) develops. The patient's life prognosis has improved with the introduction of antiretroviral therapy. However, the nutritional situation has acquired new peculiarities such as body fat redistribution, gastrointestinal alterations (chronic diarrhea, nausea, and vomit), obesity, dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome. It is fundamental to know the patients' nutritious condition to be able to accomplish an effective and efficient intervention, in order to avoid malnutrition or obesity complications. The adequate observation of the nutritional condition is one of the pillars of HIV patients.
Collen F. Hanrahana, Golubb J, Mohapic L, Tshabanguc N, Modisenyanec T, Chaissonb R, Grayc G, McIntyrec J, and Martinsonb N. Body mass index and risk of tuberculosis and death. AIDS 2010 June 19;24(10):1501–1508. UNAIDS. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. Recuperado el 01 de Noviembre de 2011, de http://www.unaids.org/en/Revista