2001, Number 3
Rev Med Hosp Gen Mex 2001; 64 (3)
López-López JA, Hurtado-López LM, Zaldivar-Ramírez FR, Soto-Abraham MV, Arellano-Montaño S
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: The frequencies of surgical thyroid pathology play an important role in the diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and prevention of the thyroid disease. Objective: To know the actual frequency of the surgical thyroid pathology. Materials and methods: Descriptive, transversal non-comparative study in 1038 patients subjected to thyroid surgery from 1992 to 1996. Studying the following variables. Dependent: Pathological diagnosis. Independent: Age, sex and clinical presentation. Analyzed by means and ranges. Results: Women had a predominance of 15:1, the average age was 39.9 years. The Cancer represents 20.1% and the most common was papillary (85.2%) Follow by medullary (6.7%). The non toxic goiter represent 39.1% been the nodular presentation in 87.1%, the adenomas was the 6.2%, the most frequency is de follicular (86%). Same autoimmune disease required surgery and represent 34.6%. The most frequency clinical presentation was the thyroid nodule 60.7% and the frequency of cancer in this was 33%. Conclusion: 1. Women predominance has increased. 2. The most frequency clinical presentation is the thyroid nodule. 3. The frequency of cancer in the thyroid nodule is 33%. 4. Medullary cancer has ground in the frequency.