2013, Number 1
Med Int Mex 2013; 29 (1)
The necktie as nosocomial fomite in health (SSDF) personnel
Becerra-Torres EC, Rubio-Guerra AF, Rodríguez-López L, Ruiz-Rodríguez S
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ABSTRACTBackground: Multiple germs can be found in health institutions, medical personnel can carry many agents in your clothing, is the coat, tie, stethoscope and other elements. Several studies have reported contamination tie growth of microorganisms in 20-100% of the samples. In Mexico there is no information about this.
Objective: To determine if the tie is a fomite identifying some growth of microorganisms in the garment.
Methods: This multicenter, prospective, cross sectional study was conducted in the Internal Medicine Hospital of the SSDF. 40 ties were cultured and demographic data and habits of use and cleaning of the garment were obtained. We used x2 and t Student as appropriate.
Results: The sample consisted of 4 groups (10 each) according to the category to which they belonged. 35% of the samples showed the development of microorganisms such as Staphylococcus epidermidis, fungi sp, Bacillus sp, gram-negative coccobacilli and grampositive cocci. The group of medical students and the residents had development of microorganisms in 60% of samples per group, having a predominance of Staphylococcus epidermidis in the IPh and fungi sp in the RM and an association between development of microorganisms and the group (p = 0.0078).
Conclusions: The tie can be a fomite and contribute to the transmission of nosocomial infections. We suggested therefore limit its use in the hospital.