2013, Number 1
Educational strategy on sexual and reproductive health promotion aimed at adolescents and university young people
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ABSTRACTObjective: to show the design and the results of the implementation of an extracurricular participatory educational strategy aimed at improving sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and young people at Cuban university institutions.
Methods: a developing study was carried out with quantitative and qualitative techniques. It identified the learning requirements on this topic by using Leiva Gonzalez's model. A structured questionnaire was given to 592 students from two university institutions in Havana in addition to creating focal groups and to making in depth interviews to experts.
Results: an extracurricular educational strategy was designed and included the components training and communication which break down into a set of actions. There were found deficiencies in sexual education, low perception of risk of pregnancy or of catching some sexually transmitted disease, frequent change of partners as common practice, in both genders; early onset of sexual relations and little use of condom together with poor communication between parents and children.
Conclusions: the design of the educational strategy leads to fostering responsible thinking in young people about sexual and reproductive health. Its implementation has been feasible and has achieved good results that contribute to favor the self-control in sexual and reproductive health on the part of adolescents and young people; additionally, this strategy allows that once they graduate from their respective educational levels, they could adequately carry out promotion, prevention and educational activities for the health improvement of the people they work with.
Jiménez García C, Ballester Arnal R. Eficacia diferencial de distintas estrategias de prevención del SIDA para promoción del sexo seguro y la realización de las pruebas diagnósticas del VIH en estudiantes universitarios [tesis]. Castellón de la Plana; 2008 [citado 26 Ago 2009]. Disponible en: http://repositori.uji.es/xmlui/handle/10803/10513
González E, Molina T, Montero A, Martínez V, Leyton C. Comportamientos sexuales y diferencias de género en adolescentes usuarios de un sistema público de salud universitario. Rev Méd Chile. 2007 [citado 2 Sep 2009];135(10):1261-9. Disponible en: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872007001000005&lng=es doi: 10.4067/S0034-98872007001000005
Otero Beceiro J, Fariñas Reinoso AT, Mora González S. Conocimientos y prácticas de protección de infecciones de transmisión sexual en adolescentes varones. En: Sanabria Ramos G, Rodríguez Cabrera A, Rojo Pérez N, editores. Promoción y Educación sexual para la salud sexual y reproductiva. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Editorial Centenario; 2007. p. 77.